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Aydemir, Abdurrahman and Mikal Skuterud. 2004. Explaining the Deteriorating Entry Earnings of Canada’s Immigrant Cohorts: 1966–2000. Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 11F0019M – No. 225. Ottawa.

Buzdugan, Raluca and Shiva S. Halli. 2009. “Labor market experiences of Canadian immigrants with focus on foreign education and experience.” International Migration Review. Vol. 43, no. 2. Summer. p. 366–386.

Chen, Liang-Hsuan. 2007. “Choosing Canadian graduate schools from afar: East Asian students’ perspectives.” Higher Education. Vol. 54, no. 5. October. p. 759–780.

Curran, Sara R., Steven Shafer, Katharine M. Donato and Filiz Garip. 2006. “Mapping gender and migration in sociological scholarship: Is it segregation or integration?” International Migration Review. Vol. 40, no. 1. February. p. 199–223.

Ewoudou, Jacques. 2011. Location of Study and the Labour Market Success of Immigrants to Canada. Culture, Tourism and the Centre for Education Statistics Research Papers. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 81–595–M – No. 93. Ottawa.

Finnie, Ross and Marc Frenette. 2003. “Earning differences by major field of study: Evidence from three cohorts of recent Canadian graduates.” Economics of Education Review. Vol. 22, no. 2. April. p. 179–192.

Finnie, Ross. 2001. “Fields of plenty, fields of lean: The early labour market outcomes of Canadian university graduates by discipline.” Canadian Journal of Higher Education. Vol. 31, no. 1. p. 141–176.

Frank, Kristyn. 2013. “Immigrant employment success in Canada: Examining the rate of obtaining a job match.” International Migration Review. Vol. 47, no. 1. Spring. p. 76–105.

Friedberg, Rachel M. 2000. “You can’t take it with you? Immigrant assimilation and the portability of human capital.” Journal of Labor Economics. Vol. 18, no. 2. April. p. 221–251.

Gerber, Theodore P. and Sin Yi Cheung. 2008. “Horizontal stratification in postsecondary education: Forms, explanations, and implications.” Annual Review of Sociology. Vol. 34. p. 299–318.

Giles, Philip and Torben Drewes. 2001. “Liberal arts degrees and the labour market.” Perspectives on Labour and Income. Vol. 2, no. 7. July. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 75–001–X.

Government of Canada. 2014. Canada’s International Education Strategy: Harnessing Our Knowledge Advantage to Drive Innovation and Prosperity. Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development Canada Catalogue no. FR5-86/2014. Ottawa.

Grant, Monica J. and Jere R. Behrman. 2010. “Gender gaps in educational attainment in less developed countries.” Population and Development Review. Vol. 36, no. 1. March. p. 71–89.

Kaushal, Neeraj. 2011. “Earning trajectories of highly educated immigrants: Does place of education matter?” Industrial and Labor Relations Review. Vol. 64, no. 2. January. p. 323–340.

Lu, Yuqian and Feng Hou. Forthcoming. “Trends in transitions from international students to permanent residents in Canada”.

McMullen, Kathryn and Angelo Elias. 2011. “A changing portrait of international students in Canadian universities.” Education Matters: Insights on Education, Learning and Training in Canada. Vol. 7, no. 6. February. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 81-004-X.

Nadeau, Serge and Aylin Seckin. 2010. “The immigrant wage gap in Canada: Quebec and the rest of Canada.” Canadian Public Policy. Vol. 36, no. 3. September. p. 265–285.

Ostrovsky, Yuri and Marc Frenette. 2014. “The cumulative earnings of postsecondary graduates over 20 years: Results by field of study.” Economic Insights. No. 40. October. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 11–626–X.

Picot, Garnett and Arthur Sweetman. 2012. Making it in Canada: Immigration Outcomes and Policies. IRPP Study No. 29. Institute for Research on Public Policy. Montréal.

Picot, Garnett, Yuqian Lu and Feng Hou. 2009. “Immigrant low-income rates: The role of market income and government transfers.” Perspectives on Labour and Income. Vol. 10, no. 12. December. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 75–001–X.

Picot, Garnett and Feng Hou. 2003. The Rise in Low-income Rates Among Immigrants in Canada. Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 11F0019M – No. 198. Ottawa.

Plante, Johanne. 2011. Integration of Internationally Educated Immigrants into the Canadian Labour Market: Determinants of Success. Culture, Tourism and the Centre for Education Statistics Research Papers. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 81–595–M – No. 94. Ottawa.

Plante, Johanne. 2010. Characteristics and Labour Market Outcomes of Internationally Educated Immigrants. Culture, Tourism and the Centre for Education StatisticsResearch Papers. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 81–595–M – No. 84. Ottawa.

Rollin, Anne-Marie. 2011. “The income of immigrants who pursue postsecondary education in Canada.” Perspectives on Labour and Income. Vol.  23, no. 3. June. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 75–001–X.

Statistics Canada. 2011. 2011 National Household Survey: Data Tables. Selected Demographic, Educational, Labour Force and Income Characteristics (75), First Official Language Spoken (4), Immigrant Status and Period of Immigration (10), Age Groups (8D) and Sex (3) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2011 National Household Survey. Topic-based tabulations. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99–010–X – No. 2011045. Ottawa.

Walters, David. 2004. “A comparison of the labour market outcomes of postsecondary graduates of various levels and fields over a four-cohort period.” The Canadian Journal of Sociology. Vol. 29, no. 1. Winter. p. 1–27.

Yssaad, Lahouaria. 2012. The Canadian Immigrant Labour Market, 2008–2011. The Immigrant Labour Force Analysis Series. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 71–606–X – No. 6. Ottawa.

Zietsma, Danielle. 2010. “Immigrants working in regulated occupations.” Perspectives on Labour and Income. Vol. 11, no. 2. February. Statistics Canada Catalogue no.  75–001–X. p. 13–28.

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