Perspectives on Labour and Income

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February 2010 issue

Employer top-ups

Abstract: To compensate for earnings lost by employees on leave, some employers provide parents with a Supplemental Unemployment Benefit (SUB), also known as a top-up. The SUB is a government initiative that employers use as a means of reducing the net earnings loss of their employees on leave. This article examines who is likely to receive a top-up and whether the benefit influences mothers' return-to-work behaviour.

Immigrants working in regulated occupations

Abstract: This study focuses on university graduates whose studies would normally lead to employment in a regulated occupation such as medicine, law or education. It uses the 2006 Census to compute the proportion-or match rates-of such graduates working in the occupations for which they studied. The match rates for immigrants are then compared to similar groups of the Canadian-born. The study also compares the types of jobs held by immigrants and the Canadian-born not working in occupations for which they studied.

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