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July 2005
Vol. 6, no. 7

Perspectives on Labour and Income

Who gains from computer use?
Cindy Zoghi and Sabrina Wulff Pabilonia

Workers who use computers earn more than those who do not. Is this a productivity effect or merely selection? After controlling for selection, the average worker enjoys a wage premium of 3.8% upon adopting a computer. This premium, however, obscures important differences in returns across education and occupation. Long-run returns to computer use are over 5% for most workers. Differences between short-run and long-run returns suggest that workers may share training costs through sacrificed wages.

Job strain and retirement

Martin Turcotte and Grant Schellenberg

Excessive demands coupled with a lack of decision-making power can lead to job strain. Are older workers (aged 45 to 57) who experience high job strain more likely to retire early than those who do not feel under the same pressure at work? Managers, professionals, and technicians seem to be more affected than other occupations.

Fact sheet on gambling

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