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April 2005
Vol. 6, no. 4

Perspectives on Labour and Income

Diverging trends in unionization
René Morissette, Grant Schellenberg and Anick Johnson

Since the 1980s, the proportion of Canadian workers belonging to labour unions has declined considerably. Some workers have been more affected than others—particularly men, younger workers, and those in goods-producing industries. The article focuses on the extent to which the trends reflect changes in the distribution of employment by occupation, industry, or other characteristics.

Escaping low earnings

René Morissette and Xuelin Zhang

Prolonged periods of low earnings can limit an individuals capacity to cope with income losses or unexpected expenses, and makes economic self-sufficiency difficult. The ability to escape low earnings is linked to a number of factors, including age, firm size, and changing jobs.

Fact sheet on work absences

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