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Private sector jobs: Faster rebound in the east

Following the labour market downturn of late 2008 and early 2009, Newfoundland and Labrador lead all Canadian provinces in terms of job growth in the private sector, followed by Nova Scotia and Quebec.

The number of private sector employees in Newfoundland and Labrador was almost 4% higher in April 2010 than July 2009, the month that marked the beginning of an upturn in Canada's labour market. This was a notable turnaround from the 1.7% drop the province had seen during the downturn period from October 2008 to June 2009—a time when all provinces, except New Brunswick and Manitoba, lost private sector jobs.

Chart - Job growth in the private sector, from July 2009 to April 2010

Private sector employment rebounded in Nova Scotia and Quebec by 3.5% and 3.4% respectively, compared to losses of 5.9% and 2.1% during the downturn.

Alberta lost over 6% of its private sector employment during the downturn, and subsequently gained 1.4% from the trough. But with less than half the rate of job growth experienced by Newfoundland and Labrador, Alberta fell below the national average, just after British Columbia.

Table - Employment change in the private sector since the fall of 2008
  October 2008 to June 2009 July 2009 to April 2010
Newfoundland and Labrador -1.7 3.9
Nova Scotia -5.9 3.5
Quebec -2.1 3.4
Prince Edward Island -1.3 3.0
Saskatchewan -2.1 2.9
Ontario -4.2 2.5
Canada -3.5 2.4
British Columbia -3.1 2.1
Alberta -6.1 1.4
New Brunswick 0.4 0.5
Manitoba 1.0 -2.1
Note: July 2009 marks the beginning of an upward trend in the labour market since the start of the downturn in the fall of 2008.
Source: Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey, seasonally adjusted data.

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