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Table 3 Odds ratios associated with employer-supported training among worker subsamples of interest

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Standard table symbols

  Low-wage Less-educated Non-union Low-wage, less-educated, non-union
Odds ratio
Independent variables
Women (ref. men) 0.77 0.72* 0.88 0.75
Low-wage (ref. higher-wage) ... 0.64* 0.58* ...
Education (ref. some postsecondary)
Less than high school 0.58* ... 0.63* ...
Completed high school 1.04 ... 0.89 ...
University degree 1.08 ... 1.14 ...
Non-union(ref. unionized) 1.07 1.34* ... ...
Control variables
Non-permanent (ref. permanent) 0.73 0.91 0.72* 0.88
Part-time 0.85 0.78 0.92 0.67
Occupation (ref. professional)
Manager 1.56 1.52 0.93 4.48
White collar 0.72 0.95 0.60* 1.10
Blue collar 0.92 1.22 0.81* 1.32
Other marital status (ref. married) 0.76* 0.82 0.83* 0.91
Dependent children 0.98 1.10 1.00 1.35
Workplace tenure 0.91* 0.96* 0.96* 0.87*
Workplace tenure squared 1.00 1.00 1.00* 1.00
Worker age 0.94* 0.95 0.93* 1.00
Worker age squared 1.00 1.00 1.00* 1.00
Workplace size 1.61* 1.61* 1.64* 1.91*
Industry (ref. manufacturing and related)
Primary 2.08 0.89 1.69* 5.46*
Retail trade 1.31 0.87 1.12 1.58*
Finance and insurance 3.92* 4.21* 3.50* 11.06*
Education and health 2.56* 1.50* 1.62* 2.81*
Other services 1.40* 1.41 1.20 2.41*
Profitable workplace 0.82 0.75 0.87 0.68
* statistically significant for the reference group (ref.) at the 0.10 level or better.
Source: Statistics Canada, Workplace and Employee Survey, 2005.