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Table 2
Depression and selected characteristics related to work impairment outcomes, employed 25 to 64 year-olds

  Reduced work due to long-term physical/mental problem At least 1 mental health disability day in previous 2 weeks Absent from work 1 or more days in previous week
Adjusted odds ratio
Major depressive episode
In past 12 months 2.43 6.23 2.33
In lifetime but not in past 12 months 1.33 0.9 1.4
No history of major depression (ref) 1.0 1.0 1.0
Sex
Men 1.1 0.8 0.63
Women (ref) 1.0 1.0 1.0
Age
25 to 44 1.2 0.8 0.9
45 to 64 (ref) 1.0 1.0 1.0
Occupation
White-collar 0.73 1.0 1.0
Sales or service 1.0 1.1 0.73
Blue-collar (ref) 1.0 1.0 1.0
Weekly work hours
1 to 29 1.2 1.1 0.9
30 to 40 (ref) 1.0 1.0 1.0
Over 40 1.0 0.53 0.83
Work schedule
Regular day (ref) 1.0 1.0 1.0
Regular evening or night 1.0 1.7 1.2
Irregular or rotating shift 1.2 1.5 1.2
High self-perceived work stress
Yes 1.43 1.83 1.2
No (ref) 1.0 1.0 1.0
Marital status
Married or common-law (ref) 1.0 1.0 1.0
Divorced, separated or widowed 1.0 1.2 1.1
Single (never married) 1.1 1.73 0.73
Education
High school graduation or less (ref) 1.0 1.0 1.0
Some postsecondary 1.1 0.8 1.0
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 0.9 0.9 1.0
Household income1
Lowest, lower-middle or middle 1.1 1.0 0.9
Upper-middle or highest (ref) 1.0 1.0 1.0
Existing chronic condition2 4.73 1.93 1.1
Body Mass Index category1      
Underweight or normal (ref) 1.0 1.0 1.0
Overweight 1.2 1.4 1.2
Obese 1.53 0.9 1.0
Anxiety disorder in previous 12 months2 2.23 5.93 1.0
Alcohol or drug dependence in previous 12 months2 1.4 3.83 0.9
1 To maximize sample size, the models include a missing values category (odds ratios are not shown for these).
2 The reference group is the absence of the particular characteristic.
3 Significantly different from the reference group (ref) at less than the 0.05 level.
Note: Some odds ratios with lower/upper confidence interval limits of 1.0 were statistically significant before rounding.
Source: Statistics Canada, Canadian Community Health Survey, cycle 1.2; Mental Health and Well-being, 2002