Archived Content

Information identified as archived is provided for reference, research or recordkeeping purposes. It is not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards and has not been altered or updated since it was archived. Please contact us to request a format other than those available.

Statistics Canada - Statistique Canada
Skip main navigation menuSkip secondary navigation menuHomeFrançaisContact UsHelpSearch the websiteCanada Site
The DailyCanadian StatisticsCommunity ProfilesProducts and servicesHome
CensusCanadian StatisticsCommunity ProfilesProducts and servicesOther links
Side menu bar Catalogue Number 75-001-XIE Table of contents Latest issue News from The Daily Latest data Survey information Back issues Feedback Studies Latest issue in PDF

September 2004
Vol. 5, no. 9

Perspectives on Labour and Income

Wealth inequality by province
Raj K. Chawla

  • In all provinces, wealth was more unequally distributed than income. In 1999, families in the top income decile held the most wealth, ranging from 42% in Nova Scotia to 52% in Alberta. In seven provinces, families in the top income decile had mean wealth of more than one million dollars.
  • Quebec, Ontario, Alberta and British Columbia, with 85% of all families and 88% of total family wealth, accounted for 93% of wealth inequality in Canada.
  • In six provinces, homeownership status explained more of provincial wealth inequality than did income; the reverse was true in Newfoundland and Labrador, New Brunswick, Quebec, and Alberta.
  • The relative contribution to total wealth inequality of families in rented dwellings or those with incomes under $25,000 was almost insignificant. On the other hand, more than half of total wealth inequality in Ontario and British Columbia was accounted for by families with incomes of $100,000 or more.
  • Among families in most of the eastern provinces, employer pension plan coverage played an important role in accounting for wealth inequality, whereas for families in the western provinces, business ownership drove inequality.

Full article: HTML | PDF

Raj K. Chawla is with the Labour and Household Surveys Analysis Division. He can be reached at (613) 951-6901 or

You need to use the free Adobe Reader to view PDF documents. To view (open) these files, simply click on the link. To download (save) them, right-click on the link. Note that if you are using Internet Explorer or AOL, PDF documents sometimes do not open properly. See Troubleshooting PDFs. PDF documents may not be accessible by some devices. For more information, visit the Adobe website or contact us for assistance.

Home | Search | Contact Us | Français Return to top of page
Date Modified: 2014-05-14 Important Notices