Social inclusion indicators for Canada's ethnocultural groups: Education and skills development

Welcome to the Data visualization tool — Social inclusion indicators for Canada's ethnocultural groups: Participation in the labour market. The customizable graphs present social inclusion indicators that can be disaggregated by various racialized groups (visible minorities) and selected sociodemographic characteristics for the population in private households.

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Additional information

The Data visualization tool — Social Inclusion indicators for Canada's ethnocultural groups: Education and skills development is part of a conceptual framework on social inclusion and covers a total of 11 themes. Each theme has a similar interactive visualization tool that is accessible on the page Data visualization tools — Social Inclusion indicators for Canada's ethnocultural groups.

These themes are participation in the labour market, representation in decision-making positions, civic engagement and political participation, basic needs and housing, health and well-being, education and skills development, income and wealth, social connections and personal networks, local community, public services and institutions, and discrimination and victimization.

The framework, the indicators and the visualization tools are products released by the Centre for Gender, Diversity and Inclusion Statistics that aim to support Canada's Anti-Racism Strategy by providing evidence. Over 120 indicators can be used to examine various socioeconomic facets of visible minorities which are being referred to as "racialized population" in analytical and communication products at Statistics Canada.

Definitions, concepts and geography

In 2021 Census analytical and communications products, the term "visible minority" has been replaced by the terms "racialized population" or "racialized groups," reflecting the increased use of these terms in the public sphere. For technical reasons the term "visible minority" is used in this data visualization tool. The data displayed in this visualization tool are measured from the standard census variable of visible minority.

Visible minority refers to whether a person is a visible minority or not, as defined by the Employment Equity Act. The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as "persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour." The visible minority population consists mainly of the following groups: South Asian, Chinese, Black, Filipino, Arab, Latin American, Southeast Asian, West Asian, Korean and Japanese.

For data quality reasons or to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act, the category of "West Asian," "Korean," "Japanese," "Visible minority not included elsewhere," and "Not specified" are included in "Total — Visible minority" and "Total visible minority population," but not available as an option of selection in the drop-down menu of this data visualization tool.

Gender and sex

The gender question was introduced in the Census of Population in 2021. Prior to 2021, the census only collected information on sex, which referred at the time to whether the person was male or female. Although sex and gender refer to two different concepts, the terminology related to gender is used throughout this data visualization tool to make it easier for users. The introduction of gender is not expected to have a significant impact on data analysis and historical comparability, given the small size of the transgender and non-binary populations. For additional information on changes of concepts over time, please consult the Age, Sex at Birth and Gender Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2021.


In this data visualization tool, the social inclusion indicators related to the highest certificate, diploma or degree can be disaggregated at the Canada level, geographical region of Canada, province or territory and census metropolitan area (CMA).

The indicators on knowledge of official languages can be disaggregated at the Canada level. Data for geographical region of Canada, province or territory and the census metropolitan area (CMA) are available in the tables used to create this interactive Web application. To access it, please consult the "Data" text box. 


Highest certificate, diploma or degree (6)
The six indicators on education levels refer to the highest certificate, diploma or degree which is the classification used in the Census to measure the broader concept of "Educational attainment."
Knowledge of official languages (4)
Refers to whether the person can conduct a conversation in English only, French only, in both or in neither language.

Related products

Reference guide on social inclusion indicators for Canada's ethnocultural groups

The Daily - Housing conditions among racialized groups: a brief overview

The Daily - Portraits of the social, political and economic participation of racialized groups

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