Social inclusion indicators for Canada's ethnocultural groups: Representation in decision-making positions

Welcome to the Data visualization tool — Social inclusion indicators for Canada's ethnocultural groups: Representation in decision-making positions. The customizable graphs present social inclusion indicators that can be disaggregated by various racialized groups (visible minorities) and selected sociodemographic characteristics for the population in private households.

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Additional information

The Data visualization tool — Social Inclusion indicators for Canada's ethnocultural groups: Representation in decision-making positions is part of a conceptual framework on social inclusion and covers a total of 11 themes. Each theme has a similar interactive visualization tool that is accessible on the page Data visualization tools — Social Inclusion indicators for Canada's ethnocultural groups.

These themes are participation in the labour market, representation in decision-making positions, civic engagement and political participation, basic needs and housing, health and well-being, education and skills development, income and wealth, social connections and personal networks, local community, public services and institutions, and discrimination and victimization.

The framework, the indicators and the visualization tools are products released by the Centre for Gender, Diversity and Inclusion Statistics that aim to support Canada's Anti-Racism Strategy by providing evidence. Over 120 indicators can be used to examine various socioeconomic facets of visible minorities which are being referred to as "racialized population" in analytical and communication products at Statistics Canada.

Definitions, concepts and geography

In 2021 Census analytical and communications products, the term "visible minority" has been replaced by the terms "racialized population" or "racialized groups," reflecting the increased use of these terms in the public sphere. For technical reasons the term "visible minority" is used in this data visualization tool. The data displayed in this visualization tool are measured from the standard census variable of visible minority.

Visible minority refers to whether a person is a visible minority or not, as defined by the Employment Equity Act. The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as "persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour." The visible minority population consists mainly of the following groups: South Asian, Chinese, Black, Filipino, Arab, Latin American, Southeast Asian, West Asian, Korean and Japanese.

Gender and sex

The gender question was introduced in the Census of Population in 2021. Prior to 2021, the census only collected information on sex, which referred at the time to whether the person was male or female. The terminology related to sex is used in this data visualization tool, since 2021 Census of Population data are not presented. For additional information on changes of concepts over time, please consult the Age, Sex at Birth and Gender Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2021.


In this data visualization tool, the social inclusion indicators can be disaggregated at the Canada level, geographical region of Canada, province or territory and census metropolitan area (CMA) level.


Workers in all management occupations
Includes people who held managerial or executive occupations (executives) according to the National Occupational Classification in the current year or the year preceding the census. This category includes legislators, senior management occupations and specialized middle management occupations.
Workers in senior management occupations
This senior management category is from the four-digit National Occupational Classification and includes six subcategories: legislators; senior government managers and officials; senior managers – financial, communications and other business services; senior managers – health; senior managers – education, social and community services and membership organizations; senior managers – trade, broadcasting and other services; senior managers – construction, transportation, production and utilities. The senior management position in any of these categories is the one that is held the longest in the census year or the year preceding it.
Workers in specialized middle management occupations
This major group comprises specialized middle management occupations. It includes administrative services managers and managers in financial and business services, communication (except broadcasting), engineering, architecture, science and information systems, health care, public administration, education, social and community services, public protection services, art, culture, recreation, and sport.

Related products

Reference guide on social inclusion indicators for Canada's ethnocultural groups

The Daily - Housing conditions among racialized groups: a brief overview

The Daily - Portraits of the social, political and economic participation of racialized groups

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