Interprovincial migration indicators, provinces and territories: Interactive dashboard

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Additional information

Note:

Preliminary estimates of migration between provinces and territories are produced using Canada child benefit (CCB) data.

Final estimates of interprovincial migration are produced using personal income tax data. By comparing the place of residence at the time of filing, it is possible to determine how many persons move, as well as their place of origin and their destination.

The population estimates used to calculate migration rates in this dashboard are based on 2021 Census counts adjusted for census net undercoverage and incompletely enumerated reserves and settlements, to which are added data from the population growth estimates for the period from May 11, 2021, to the date of the estimate.

Definition

Age
Age as of July 1. People born after July 1 are included in age group “less than 5 years old”. Data for people aged 90 to 100 years and older is available from 2001/2002.
Gender
Gender refers to an individual's personal and social identity as a man, woman or non binary person (a person who is not exclusively a man or a woman).
Gender includes the following concepts:
  • gender identity, which refers to the gender that a person feels internally and individually;
  • gender expression, which refers to the way a person presents their gender, regardless of their gender identity, through body language, aesthetic choices or accessories (e.g., clothes, hairstyle and makeup), which may have traditionally been associated with a specific gender.
A person's gender may differ from their sex at birth, and from what is indicated on their current identification or legal documents such as their birth certificate, passport or driver's licence. A person's gender may change over time.
Some people may not identify with a specific gender.
Men+
The gender category "Men+" includes men (and/or boys), as well as some non-binary persons.
Women+
The gender category "Women+" includes women (and/or girls), as well as some non-binary persons.
Reference period
Period from July 1 to June 30.
Interprovincial migration
Interprovincial migration represents movements from one province or territory to another involving a change in usual place of residence.
In-migrant
An in-migrant with reference to the province or territory of destination.
Out-migrant
A person who takes up residence in another province or territory is an out-migrant with reference to the province or territory of origin.
Net migration
The difference between the number of in-migrants and the number of out-migrants.
Interprovincial migration rate
Interprovincial migration rate is the proportion of migrants per 1,000 inhabitants of the province or territory at the midpoint of the period in question.
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