Quarterly demographic estimates, provinces and territories: Interactive dashboard


The data used to create this interactive web application is from the following listed data tables:

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Additional information


Until the second quarter of 2021 inclusively, population growth is not equal to the sum of natural increase, net international migration and net interprovincial migration because residual deviation (not shown) must also be considered in the calculation.



An immigrant refers to a person who is a permanent resident or a landed immigrant. Such a person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Persons who are born abroad to a Canadian parent are not immigrants but are included in the returning emigrant component.

For the Centre for Demography, the terms “immigrant”, “landed immigrant” and “permanent resident” refer to the same concept.

Interprovincial migration
Interprovincial migration represents all movement from one province or territory to another involving a change in the usual place of residence. A person who takes up residence in another province or territory is an out-migrant with reference to the province or territory of origin and an in-migrant with reference to the province or territory of destination.
Natural increase
Variation in the population size over a given period as a result of the difference between the numbers of births and deaths.
Net emigration
Net emigration is obtained according to the following formula: Emigrants - Returning emigrants. For estimates from 1991 to 2016, net emigration is obtained according to the following formula: (Emigrants + Net temporary emigration) - Returning emigrants.
Net international migration
Net international migration is obtained according to the following formula: Immigrants + Net non-permanent residentsNet emigration.
Net interprovincial migration
Net interprovincial migration represents the difference between in-migrants and out-migrants for a given province or territory.
Net non-permanent residents
Net non-permanent residents represent the difference between the inflows and outflows of non-permanent residents to Canada between two dates for a given province or territory.
Non-permanent resident

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country with a usual place of residence in Canada and who has a work or study permit or who has claimed refugee status (asylum claimant).

Family members living with work or study permit holders are also included unless these family members are already Canadian citizens, landed immigrants (permanent residents), or non-permanent residents themselves.

For the Centre for Demography, the terms “non-permanent resident” and “temporary immigrant” refer to the same concept.

Estimated population and population according to the census are both defined as being the number of Canadians whose usual place of residence is within that area, regardless of where they happened to be on Census Day. Also included are any Canadians staying in a dwelling in that area on Census Day and having no usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada, as well as those considered non-permanent residents.
Population growth
Variation of population size between two dates. It can also be obtained by summing the natural increase, total net migration and if applicable, subtract residual deviation. It can be positive or negative.
Population growth rate
Ratio of population growth between the year t and t+1, to the average population of both these years. In this dashboard, the rate is in percent.
Refers to the ratio of the number of events estimated in a year (t, t+1) to the average populations at the beginning and the end of the period. In this regard, births, deaths, immigration rates, etc. are calculated. In this dashboard, the rate is in percent.

To learn more

The Quarterly Demographic Estimates is now available to know more about the topic.

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