Correctional services statistics: Interactive dashboard

Release date: November 19, 2019
Data

The data used to create this interactive web application is from the following listed data tables:

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Additional information

In Canada, the administration of correctional services is a shared responsibility between the federal, provincial and territorial governments. The Correctional Service of Canada is responsible for the federal system and has jurisdiction over adult offenders (18 years and older) serving custodial sentences of two years or more, and is responsible for supervising offenders on conditional release in the community (such as parole or statutory release). Those adults that are serving custodial sentences that are less than two years, or who are being held while awaiting trial or sentencing (remand), and those serving community sentences, such as probation, fall under the purview of the provincial and territorial correctional services programs. For youth, the provinces and territories are responsible for administering correctional services for both custody and community sentences, including youth being held while awaiting trial or sentencing (pre-trial detention).

The Correctional services statistics interactive dashboard provides an overview of adult and youth correctional services in Canada. The dashboard presents correctional services statistics using two measures: average counts and admissions. Average counts provide a snapshot of the correctional population and represent the number of adults and youth in custody or under community supervision on any given day. Admissions are counted each time an individual begins or moves to a new type of custody or community supervision over the fiscal year: the same person can be included numerous times in the admissions count, as he/she moves from one type of supervision to another. As such, the count of admissions provides an important indicator of the flow of persons through the correctional system for a given year.

All the information presented in the Correctional services statistics interactive dashboard is available on Statistics Canada's website. Please refer to the following documentation for more details:

Adult Corrections
  • Table 35-10-0014-01 Adult admissions to correctional services
  • Table 35-10-0022-01 Adult admissions to federal correctional services
  • Table 35-10-0155-01 Average counts of offenders in federal programs, Canada and regions
  • Table 35-10-0154-01 Average counts of adults in provincial and territorial correctional programs
  • Table 35-10-0017-01 Adult custody admissions to correctional services by age group
  • Table 35-10-0016-01 Adult custody admissions to correctional services by aboriginal identity
  • Table 35-10-0015-01 Adult custody admissions to correctional services by sex
  • Survey 3306 Adult Correctional Services (ACS)
  • Survey 5251 Canadian Correctional Services Survey (CCSS)
  • Survey 3313 Corrections Key Indicator Report for Adults and Youth (CKIR)
Youth Corrections
  • Table 35-10-0005-01 Youth admissions to correctional services
  • Table 35-10-0003-01 Average counts of young persons in provincial and territorial correctional services
  • Table 35-10-0007-01 Youth admissions to correctional services, by Aboriginal identity and sex
  • Table 35-10-0006-01 Youth admissions to correctional services, by age and sex
  • Survey 3323 Youth Custody and Community Services (YCCS)
  • Survey 3313 Corrections Key Indicator Report for Adults and Youth (CKIR)
  • Survey 5251 Canadian Correctional Services Survey (CCSS)
Notes
  • Incarceration rates are based on total actual-in counts, as well as population estimates provided by Demography Division of Statistics Canada.
  • Total custodial admissions are totals of sentenced (including intermittent sentences), remand and other custodial status admissions. Total custodial admissions for youth are totals of pre-trial detention, provincial director remand, secure custody and open custody.
  • Total community admissions are the sum of probation, conditional sentence, and other community programs. The conditional sentencing option came into effect in 1996/1997.
  • Sentenced custody is the detention of offenders convicted of a crime, either in a federal (two years or more), or a provincial/territorial (less than two years) facility. Sentenced custody admissions include admissions to intermittent sentences.
  • Remand is the detention of a person in custody while awaiting a further court appearance. These persons have not been sentenced and can be held for a number of reasons (e.g., risk that they won't appear for their court date, danger to themselves and/or others, risk to re-offend). Remand is the responsibility of provincial/territorial correctional services.
  • Other custodial statuses include persons who are being held in provincial/territorial correctional institutions for lock-ups, parole violations or suspensions, immigration holds, and those who are temporarily detained without warrants of any type.
  • The total actual-in count represents persons held in custody under sentence, remand or who are otherwise legally required to be there and who are present at the time the count is taken.
  • Total community supervision counts are the sum of probation, conditional sentences, and provincial parole. Community supervision counts are reported as average month-end counts unless otherwise noted.
  • For the purposes of the Canadian Correctional Services Survey, “Aboriginal identity” refers to persons under correctional supervision who identified with the Aboriginal peoples of Canada. This includes those who are First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who are Registered or Treaty Indians (that is, registered under the Indian Act of Canada), and/or those who have membership in a First Nation or Indian band. The term Indigenous will be used in place of Aboriginal throughout this dashboard.
  • Age refers to the age of the person on admission to custody or community supervision.
  • (Federal) Total custodial admissions are totals of warrant of committal, revocation of conditional release and other custodial status admissions.
  • (Federal) Total community admissions is the sum of federal day parole, federal full parole and statutory releases.
  • (Federal) Actual-in counts include federal and provincial or territorial offenders in a federal facility and those temporarily detained in a federal facility.
  • (Federal) Total community supervision counts are sums of day parole, full parole, statutory release and long term supervision. Community supervision counts include federal offenders and provincial or territorial offenders in provinces and territories that do not operate their own parole boards, but who are supervised by Correctional Service Canada.

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