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Table Reference
Reference Keyword Text
Section Chapter
I-2   Dried Also covers products which have been dehydrated, evaporated or freeze-dried.
  5-3 Ivory Includes elephant, hippopotamus, walrus, narwhal and wild boar tusks, rhinoceros horns and teeth of all animals.
  5-4 Horsehair Hair of the manes or tails of equine or bovine animals.
  38-4 Municipal waste Waste of a kind collected from households, hotels, restaurants, hospitals, shops, offices, etc., road and pavement sweepings, as well as construction and demolition waste. Municipal waste generally contains a large variety of materials such as plastics, rubber, wood, paper, textiles, glass, metals, food materials, broken furniture and other damaged or discarded articles. The term “municipal waste”, however, does not cover:
(a) Individual materials or articles segregated from the waste, such as wastes of plastics, rubber, wood, paper, textiles, glass or metals and spent batteries which fall in their appropriate headings of the Nomenclature;
(b) Industrial waste;
(c) Waste pharmaceuticals as defined in Note 4 (k) to Chapter 30; or
(d) Clinical waste, as defined in Note 6 (a) to Chapter 38.
  39-1 Plastics Those materials of headings Nos. 39.01 to 39.14 which are or have been capable, either at the moment of polymerization or at some subsequent stage, of being formed under external influence (usually heat and pressure, if necessary with a solvent or plasticizer) by moulding, casting, extruding, rolling or other process into shapes which are retained on the removal of the external influence.
Also includes vulcanized fibre. However, does not apply to materials regarded as textile materials of Section XI.
  40-1 Rubber The following products, whether or not vulcanized or hard: natural rubber, balata, gutta-percha, guayule, chicle and similar natural gums, synthetic rubber, factice derived from oils, and such substances reclaimed.
  41-3 Leather, composition Only substances of the kind referred to in heading No. 41.15.
  43-1 Furskins References to “furskins”, other than to raw furskins of heading No. 43.01, apply to hides or skins of all animals which have been tanned or dressed with the hair or wool on.
  43-5 Fur, artificial Any imitation of furskin consisting of wool, hair or other fibres gummed or sewn on to leather, woven fabric or other materials, but does not include imitation furskins obtained by weaving or knitting (generally, heading No. 58.01 or 60.01).
XI-13   Yarn, elastomeric Filament yarn, including monofilament, of synthetic textile material, other than textured yarn, which does not break on being extended to three times its original length and which returns, after being extended to twice its original length, within a period of five minutes, to a length not greater than one and a half times its original length.
Note 1(a)
  Yarn, unbleached (a) Unbleached yarn
Yarn which:
(i) has the natural colour of its constituent fibres and has not been bleached, dyed (whether or not in the mass) or printed; or
(ii) is of indeterminate colour (“grey yarn”), manufactured from garnetted stock.
Such yarn may have been treated with a colourless dressing or fugitive dye (which disappears after simple washing with soap) and, in the case of man-made fibres, treated in the mass with delustring agents (for example, titanium dioxide).
Subheading Note 1(b)
  Yarn, bleached (b) Bleached yarn
Yarn which:
(i) has undergone a bleaching process, is made of bleached fibres or, unless the context otherwise requires, has been dyed white (whether or not in the mass) or treated with a white dressing;
(ii) consists of a mixture of unbleached and bleached fibres; or
(iii) is multiple (folded) or cabled and consists of unbleached and bleached yarns.
Note 1(c)
  Yarn, coloured (dyed or printed) (c) Coloured (dyed or printed) yarn
Yarn which:
(i) is dyed (whether or not in the mass) other than white or in a fugitive colour, or printed, or made from dyed or printed fibres;
(ii) consists of a mixture of dyed fibres of different colours or of a mixture of unbleached or bleached fibres with coloured fibres (marl or mixture yarns), or is printed in one or more colours at intervals to give the impression of dots;
(iii) is obtained from slivers or rovings which have been printed; or
(iv) is multiple (folded) or cabled and consists of unbleached or bleached yarn and coloured yarn.
The above definitions also apply, mutatis mutandis, to monofilament and to strip or the like of Chapter 54.
Note 1(d)
  Fabric, woven, unbleached (d) Unbleached woven fabric
Woven fabric made from unbleached yarn and which has not been bleached, dyed or printed. Such fabric may have been treated with a colourless dressing or a fugitive dye.
Note 1(e)
  Fabric, woven, bleached (e) Bleached woven fabric
Woven fabric which:
(i) has been bleached or, unless the context otherwise requires, dyed white or treated with a white dressing, in the piece;
(ii) consists of bleached yarn; or
(iii) consists of unbleached and bleached yarn.
Note 1(f)
  Fabric, woven, dyed (f) Dyed woven fabric
Woven fabric which:
(i) is dyed a single uniform colour other than white (unless the context otherwise requires) or has been treated with a coloured finish other than white (unless the context otherwise requires), in the piece; or
(ii) consists of coloured yarn of a single uniform colour.
Note 1(g)
  Fabric, woven, yarns of different colours (g) Woven fabric of yarns of different colours
Woven fabric (other than printed woven fabric) which:
(i) consists of yarns of different colours or yarns of different shades of the same colour (other than the natural colour of the constituent fibres);
(ii) consists of unbleached or bleached yarn and coloured yarn; or
(iii) consists of marl or mixture yarns.
(In all cases, the yarn used in selvedges and piece ends is not taken into consideration.)
Note 1(h)
  Fabric, woven, printed (h) Printed woven fabric
Woven fabric which has been printed in the piece, whether or not made from yarns of different colours.
(The following are also regarded as printed woven fabrics: woven fabrics bearing designs made, for example, with a brush or spray gun, by means of transfer paper, by flocking or by the batik process.)
The process of mercerization does not affect the classification of yarns or fabrics within the above categories.
Note 1(ij)
  Fabric, plain weave (ij) Plain weave
A fabric construction in which each yarn of the weft passes alternately over and under successive yarns of the warp and each yarn of the warp passes alternately over and under successive yarns of the weft.
  51-1(a) Wool The natural fibre grown by sheep or lambs.
  51-1(b) Hair, animal, fine The hair of alpaca, llama, vicuna, camel (including dromedary), yak, Angora, Tibetan, Kashmir or similar goats (but not common goats), rabbit (including Angora rabbit), hare, beaver, nutria or musk-rat.
  51-1(c) Hair, animal, coarse The hair of animals not mentioned above, excluding brush-making hair and bristles (heading No. 05.02) and horsehair (heading No. 05.11).
  54-1 Fibres, man-made Staple fibres and filaments of organic polymers produced by manufacturing processes, either:
(a) By polymerization of organic monomers to produce polymers such as polyamides, polyesters, polyolefins or polyurethanes, or by chemical modification of polymers produced by this process (for example, poly(vinyl alcohol) prepared by the hydrolysis of poly(vinyl acetate)); or
(b) By dissolution or chemical treatment of natural organic polymers (for example, cellulose) to produce polymers such as cuprammonium rayon (cupro) or viscose rayon, or by chemical modification of natural organic polymers (for example, cellulose, casein and other proteins, or algenic acid), to produce polymers such as cellulose acetate or alginates.
  54-1 Fibres, synthetic and artificial The terms “synthetic” and “artificial”, used in relation to fibres, mean: synthetic: fibres as defined at (a); artificial: fibres as defined at (b). Strip and the like of heading 54.04 or 54.05 are not considered to be man-made fibres.
The terms “man-made”, “synthetic” and “artificial” shall have the same meanings when used in relation to “textile materials”.
  60-3 Knitted goods “Knitted” goods includes a reference to stitch-bonded goods in which the chain stitches are formed of textile yarn.
  70-5 Glass Includes fused quartz and other fused silica.
  71-7 Metal clad with precious metal Material made with a base of metal upon one or more surfaces of which there is affixed by soldering, brazing, welding, hot-rolling or similar mechanical means a covering of precious metal. Except where the context otherwise requires, the expression also covers base metal inlaid with precious metal.
XV-2   Parts of general use Means:
(a) Articles of headings No. 73.07, 73.12, 73.15, 73.17 or 73.18 and similar articles of other base metal;
(b) Springs and leaves for springs, of base metal, other than clock or watch springs (heading No. 91.14); and
(c) Articles of headings Nos. 83.01, 83.02, 83.08, 83.10 and frames and mirrors, of base metal, of heading 83.06.
In Chapters 73 to 76 and 78 to 82 (but not in heading No. 73.15) references to parts of goods do not include references to parts of general use as defined above.
Subject to the preceding paragraph and to Note 1 to Chapter 83, the articles of Chapter 82 or 83 are excluded from Chapters 72 to 76 and 78 to 81.
XV-3   Base metals Means: iron and steel, copper, nickel, aluminum, lead, zinc, tin, tungsten (wolfram), molybdenum, tantalum, magnesium, cobalt, bismuth, cadmium, titanium, zirconium, antimony, manganese, beryllium, chromium, germanium, vanadium, gallium, hafnium, indium, niobium (columbium), rhenium and thallium.
XV-4   Cermets Products containing a microscopic heterogeneous combination of a metallic component and a ceramic component. The term “cerments” includes sintered metal carbides (metal carbides sintered with a metal).
  72-1 Steel In this Chapter and, in the case of Notes (d), (e) and (f) throughout the Nomenclature, the following expressions have the meanings hereby assigned to them:
  72-1(d)   (d) Steel
Ferrous materials other than those of heading 72.03 which (with the exception of certain types produced in the form of castings) are usefully malleable and which contain by weight 2% or less of carbon. However, chromium steels may contain higher proportions of carbon.
  72-1(e)   (e) Stainless steel
Alloy steels containing, by weight, 1.2% or less of carbon and 10.5% or more of chromium, with or without other elements.
  72-1(f)   (f) Other alloy steel
Steels not complying with the definition of stainless steel and containing by weight one or more of the following elements in the proportion shown:
- 0.3% or more of aluminum
- 0.0008% or more of boron
- 0.3% or more of chromium
- 0.3% or more of cobalt
- 0.4% or more of copper
- 0.4% or more of lead
- 1.65% or more of manganese
- 0.08% or more of molybdenum
- 0.3% or more of nickel
- 0.06% or more of niobium
- 0.6% or more of silicon
- 0.05% or more of titanium
- 0.3% or more of tungsten (wolfram)
- 0.1% or more of vanadium
- 0.05% or more of zirconium
- 0.1% or more of other elements
(except sulphur, phosphorus, carbon and nitrogen), taken separately.
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