The Canadian Consumer Price Index Reference Paper

Warning View the most recent version.

Archived Content

Information identified as archived is provided for reference, research or recordkeeping purposes. It is not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards and has not been altered or updated since it was archived. Please "contact us" to request a format other than those available.

Release date: December 18, 2015 Correction date: (if required)


This Canadian Consumer Price Index (CPI) Reference Paper provides an overview of the Canadian CPI. It is intended for a varied audience, ranging from users interested in general information to those requiring more technical or theoretical details. As such, it explains all the important aspects of the Canadian CPI: uses and interpretations, scope, classifications, sample strategy, price collection, index calculation, quality change, weights, basket updates, reliability and uncertainty, special cases and treatments and history.

The paper was written by Radu Chiru, Ning Huang, Mathieu Lequain, Phillip Smith and Amanda Wright of the Consumer Prices Division of Statistics Canada. Richard Evans provided key assistance in the preparation of this document. Appreciation also goes to Martin Beaulieu, Andrée Girard, Olfa Khazri, Michèle Lanoue, Gerry O’Donnell, Marc Prud’homme, Yannick Rancourt, Faouzi Tarkhani and Clément Yélou for their contributions and to the members of Statistics Canada’s Price Measurement Advisory Committee for their comments.

This publication was prepared under the direction of:

Richard Evans
Director, Consumer Prices Division

Mathieu Lequain
Chief, Concepts and Methods, Consumer Prices Division

Ning Huang
Senior Economist-Analyst, Consumer Prices Division

Radu Chiru
Economist-Analyst, Consumer Prices Division

Amanda Wright
Economist-Analyst, Consumer Prices Division

Date modified: