Report on Energy Supply and Demand in Canada
2018 Revision

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Release date: June 14, 2021
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Primary energy production in Canada increased 4.4% in 2018 to 21,603 petajoules. This followed a 4.8% increase in 2017.

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Energy supply and demand, 2018

Primary energy production in Canada increased 4.4% in 2018 to 21,603 petajoules. This followed a 4.8% increase in 2017.

Crude oil accounted for the largest proportion of primary energy production in Canada in 2018 at 48.7%, followed by natural gas (33.3%), primary electricity (8.5%), total coal (5.4%) and gas plant natural gas liquids (4.0%).

It was the ninth consecutive year in which crude oil accounted for the largest share of primary energy production.

Exports and imports increase

Exports of Canadian energy and energy products increased 3.8% in 2018 to 13,756 petajoules.

Canada exported 79.4% of its crude oil production in 2018 and 43.2% of its marketable natural gas in 2017.

Imports of energy increased 2.2% in 2018 to 4,003 petajoules. Crude oil accounted for 43.4% of imports, followed by natural gas (29.2%).

Energy consumption increased

Canada's energy consumption increased 5.4% to 8,874 petajoules, following a 3.6% increase in 2017.

Energy use increased in all six sectors: residential (+8.0%), industrial (+5.3%), transportation (+4.9%), agriculture (+4.2%), commercial and other institutional (+4.2%) and public administration (+3.1%).

Within the industrial sector, energy consumption increased in mining and oil and gas extraction (+9.2%), forestry and logging and support activities (+3.3%) and manufacturing (+3.1%). Energy consumption decreased in construction (-1.1%).

Retail pump sales continued to represent the largest proportion of energy consumption in the transportation sector (62.4%), followed by road transport and urban transit (14.1%), airlines (10.9%), pipelines (6.7%), railways (3.4%) and marine (2.5%).

Refined petroleum products (38.6%) were the main source of energy consumed in Canada in 2018, followed by natural gas (35.4%) and electricity (22.4%).

Energy consumption trends across the country

Ontario, Alberta and Quebec continued to account for the majority of energy consumed in Canada. In 2018, their combined share of total energy consumption was 74.2%.

Nine provinces recorded increases in energy consumption in 2018 compared with 2017. Manitoba (+7.2%) and Alberta (+7.2%) saw the greatest increase, followed by Ontario (+6.4%), Nova Scotia (+5.8%), British Columbia (+4.3%), Quebec (+3.3%), Saskatchewan (+3.1%), New Brunswick (+2.8%), and Newfoundland (+1.7%).

Energy consumption decreased in two regions in 2018 compared with 2017. The largest decrease was in Prince Edward Island (-1.8%), followed by a slight decline in the territories.

The above text refers to the preliminary 2018 data.

Note to readers

Factors influencing revisions include late receipt of company data and revisions to previously estimated or reported data. The revised data are available in the appropriate tables.

Data for any period may be revised and included in subsequent issues (such revisions are incorporated in the database). Given that further revisions to submitted data are received after the publication issue of any given year, it should be borne in mind that the statistical series shown in this publication are not necessarily the same in every detail as those shown in other publications produced by the Energy Section of Statistics Canada. From time to time, revisions to previous years may be incorporated in the database; tables 25-10-0026-01, 25-10-0027-01, 25-10-0028-01, 25-10-0029-01, 25-10-0030-01 and 25-10-0031-01.


This publication was prepared in the Environment and Energy Statistics Division under the direction of Carolyn Cahill, Director, and Donna Stephens, Section Chief.

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