Report on Energy Supply and Demand in Canada
2016 Preliminary

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Release date: April 4, 2018


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Primary energy production in Canada increased 2.9% in 2016 to 19,709 petajoules. This followed a 1.2% increase in 2015.

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Energy supply and demand, 2016

Primary energy production in Canada increased 2.9% in 2016 to 19,709 petajoules. This followed a 1.2% increase in 2015.

Crude oil accounted for the largest proportion of primary energy production in Canada in 2016 at 45.1%, followed by natural gas (35.0%), primary electricity (9.3%), total coal (6.8%) and gas plant natural gas liquids (3.9%).

It was the seventh consecutive year in which crude oil accounted for the largest share of primary energy production.

Exports and imports increase

Exports of Canadian energy and energy products increased 2.4% in 2016 to 12,507 petajoules.

Canada exported 80.4% of its crude oil production in 2016, and 46.4% of its marketable natural gas.

Imports of energy increased 6.1% in 2016 to 3,659 petajoules. Crude oil accounted for 50.8% of imports, followed by natural gas (21.6%).

Energy consumption decreased

Canada's energy consumption decreased 0.8% in 2016 to 7,953 petajoules, following a 0.8% decrease in 2015.

Energy use increased in three of six sectors including public administration (+3.1%), industrial (+1.9%), and agriculture (+1.0%). Residential (-6.8%), commercial and other institutional  (-1.3%), and transportation (-0.5%) saw a decrease in energy use.

Within the industrial sector, energy consumption increased in forestry and logging and support activities (+17.1%), construction (+10.5%), mining and oil and gas extraction (+2.3%), and manufacturing (+0.8%).

Retail pump sales continued to represent the largest proportion of energy consumption in the transportation sector (63.2%), followed by road transport and urban transit (14.2%), airlines (9.6%), pipelines (7.1%), railways (3.1%), and marine (2.8%).

Refined petroleum products (39.8%) were the main source of energy consumed in Canada in 2016, followed by natural gas (33.8%) and electricity (22.7%).

Energy consumption trends across the country

Ontario, Alberta and Quebec continued to account for the majority of energy consumed in Canada. In 2016, their combined share of total energy consumption was 73.4%.

Six provinces recorded increases in energy consumption in 2016 compared with 2015. British Columbia (+3.9%) saw the greatest increase, followed by Prince Edward Island (+3.7%), New Brunswick (+2.9%), Manitoba (+0.8%), Newfoundland and Labrador (+0.5%), and Alberta (+0.3%).

Energy consumption decreased in 5 regions in 2016 compared to 2015. The largest decrease was in Nova Scotia (-3.3%) followed by Ontario (-3.0%), Saskatchewan (-2.6%), the Territories (-2.5%), and Quebec (-1.1%).

Note to readers

Factors influencing revisions include late receipt of company data and revisions to previously estimated or reported data.The revised data are available in the appropriate CANSIM tables.

Data for any period may be revised and included in subsequent issues (such revisions are incorporated in the CANSIM database). Given that further revisions to submitted data are received after the publication issue of any given year, it should be borne in mind that the statistical series shown in this publication are not necessarily the same in every detail as those shown in other publications produced by the Energy Section of Statistics Canada. From time to time, revisions to previous years may be incorporated in the CANSIM database; tables 128-0016128-0017128-0012128-0013128-0014 and 128-0018.


This publication was prepared in the Environment, Energy and Transportation Statistics Division under the direction of Kevin Roberts, Director and Joe St. Lawrence, Section Chief.

Additional Information

For information, please contact the Marketing and Dissemination Section (613) 951-9497 or toll-free (866) 873-8789;


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