Report on Energy Supply and Demand in Canada
2015 Revision

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Release date: March 5, 2018


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Primary energy production in Canada decreased 0.2% in 2015 to 18,689 petajoules. This followed a 4.1% increase in 2014.

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Energy supply and demand, 2015

Primary energy production in Canada decreased 0.2% in 2015 to 18,689 petajoules. This followed a 4.1% increase in 2014.

Crude oil accounted for the largest proportion of primary energy production in Canada in 2015 (45.3%), followed by natural gas (34.6%), primary electricity (9.3%), total coal (7.1%) and gas plant natural gas liquids (3.6%).

It was the sixth consecutive year in which crude oil accounted for the largest share of primary energy production.

Exports and imports increase

Exports of Canadian energy and energy products increased 3.0% in 2015 to 12,188 petajoules.

Canada exported 81.9% of its crude oil production in 2015, and 47.4% of its marketable natural gas.

Imports of energy increased 1.2% in 2015 to 3,272 petajoules. Crude oil accounted for 53.1% of imports, followed by natural gas (23.5%). These two commodities accounted for more than three-quarters of energy-related imports.

Energy consumption decreases

Canada’s energy consumption decreased 1.2% in 2015 to 8,156 petajoules, following a 1.6% increase in 2014.

Energy use decreased in four of six sectors: residential (-4.8%), commercial and other institutional sector (-1.6%), industrial (-0.4%), and transportation (-0.2%). Meanwhile, agriculture (+1.2%) and public administration (+0.05%) saw an increase in energy use.

Within the industrial sector, energy consumption increased in mining and oil and gas extraction (+4.3%), construction (+7.7%) and forestry and logging and support activities (+7.9%). It declined in manufacturing (-4.1%).

The share of transportation in 2015 continued to be dominated by energy consumption from retail pump sales of fuels (61.8%), followed by road transport and urban transit (16.2%) and airlines (9.3%). Pipelines accounted for 6.6% of energy consumption for transportation, while railways were responsible for 3.5%.

Refined petroleum products (38.7%) were the main source of energy consumed in Canada in 2015, followed by natural gas (35.8%) and electricity (22.1%).

Energy consumption trends across the country

Ontario, Alberta and Quebec continued to account for most of the energy consumed in Canada. In 2015, their combined share of total energy consumption was 74.7%.

Five provinces recorded decreases in energy consumption in 2015 compared with 2014. Manitoba (-5.8%) saw the greatest decline, followed by Alberta (-2.5%), Ontario (-1.7%), Quebec (-0.9%), and Saskatchewan (-0.3%).

Conversely, energy consumption increased in five provinces in 2015. Nova Scotia experienced the largest rise (+4.1%), followed by Prince Edward Island (+2.6%), British Columbia (+2.2%), New Brunswick (+1.4%), and Newfoundland and Labrador (+1.1%).


The above text refers to the preliminary 2015 data.

Note to readers

Factors influencing revisions include late receipt of company data and revisions to previously estimated or reported data.The revised data are available in the appropriate CANSIM tables.

Data for any period may be revised and included in subsequent issues (such revisions are incorporated in the CANSIM database). Given that further revisions to submitted data are received after the publication issue of any given year, it should be borne in mind that the statistical series shown in this publication are not necessarily the same in every detail as those shown in other publications produced by the Energy Section of Statistics Canada. From time to time, revisions to previous years may be incorporated in the CANSIM database; tables 128-0016128-0017128-0012128-0013128-0014 and 128-0018.


This publication was prepared in the Environment, Energy and Transportation Statistics Division under the direction of Kevin Roberts, Director and Joe St. Lawrence, Section Chief.

Additional Information

For information, please contact the Marketing and Dissemination Section (613) 951-9497 or toll-free (866) 873-8789;


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