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  1. In 2009, Canadian Level I to III air carriers reported 55 million enplaned passengers, down 4.7% from 2008, reversing the upward trend that began in 2004. The domestic sector declined 4.7% in 2009 to 32.3 million passengers, while the international sector (including Canada-United States) edged down 1.2% to 22.7 million passengers. The scheduled passenger counts reached 50.1 million and the charter passenger counts, 4.9 million. In terms of passenger-kilometres flown, these carriers recorded 123.0 billion passenger-kilometres in their scheduled and charter operations in 2009, down 5.1% from the previous year. Both the domestic sector and the international sector regressed at the same pace (-5.1%).
  2. After reporting a net loss of $677.1 million in 2008, Canadian Level I to III air carriers returned to profitability in 2009, with a recorded net income of $225.6 million. In 2009, total operating revenues generated by the Canadian Level I to III air carriers amounted to $15.4 billion, down 12.0% from 2008, reversing the upward trend that began in 2004. The total operating expenses decreased to $15.3 billion in 2009, down 9.7% from the previous year.
  3. In 2009, 99.0 cents of each operating revenue dollar were used to cover operating expenses. Aircraft operations absorbed the largest portion of each operating revenue dollar, at 50.6 cents, followed by general services and administration (30.2 cents) and maintenance (12.5 cents).
  4. Total assets of the Canadian Level I to III air carriers reached $15.5 billion in 2009, down 4.1% compared to 2008.
  5. The aviation industry's earning power is reflected in the profitability ratios of profit margin, return on investment and return on assets. In 2009, the profit margin was 1.5% compared to -3.9% in 2008. This shows that every dollar of service sold, in 2009, earned 1.5 cents of profit for the Canadian Level I to III air carriers. The negative result for 2008 reflected the increases in the operating expenses (aircraft operations—fuel cost and wages and salaries—and general services and administration) and non-operating expenses (net miscellaneous non-operating expenses), which offset the gains in operating revenues, while the small profit margin in 2009 reflected the sharp drop in fuel costs and the improvement in net miscellaneous non-operating income. Both return on assets and return on investment also showed that the aviation industry returned to profitability in 2009. The rate of return on assets went from -4.2% in 2008 to 1.5% in 2009, while the rate of return on investment went from -1.8% in 2008 to 4.4% in 2009.
  6. Total employment in the aviation industry grew 2.2% to 42,824, while total wages and salaries went up 1.0% to $2.7 billion. In 2009, wages and salaries accounted for 17.7% of the operating expenses, up from 15.8% in 2008.
  7. Canadian Level I to III air carriers consumed 5.6 billion litres of fuel (turbine fuel and gasoline) in 2009 and spent $3.4 billion acquiring the fuel. In 2009, fuel costs accounted for 22.4% of the operating expenses, down from 32.4% in 2008.