Immigrants in Rural Canada: 2006
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By Roland Beshiri and Jiaosheng He, Statistics Canada
In Canada's rural and small town areas in 2006, immigrants accounted for 5.3% of the population, numbering 312,555 individuals.
Across the provinces, the share of immigrants in the rural and small town population ranged from 0.9% in Newfoundland and Labrador to 12% in British Columbia.
Traditional sources of immigrants (mainly Western and Northern Europe followed by the USA) constituted a higher share of the population across the rural zones of Canada compared to cities. Larger cities had a higher share of immigrants from South-East and East Asian countries.
In every province, recent immigrants were more prone to migrate into and out of rural areas during the 2001 to 2006 period, compared to the overall Canadian population.
Considering all residents, four provinces had an overall positive net in-migration to their rural and small town areas between 2001 and 2006: Quebec, Ontario, Alberta and British Columbia. The results were different for recent immigrants (who arrived between 1996 and 2000). Only the rural and small town areas of Ontario achieved a positive net in-migration of these recent immigrants.
New immigrants (who arrived between 2001 and 2006) constituted a significant share of the 2006 population in some rural regions, such as the regions around Winkler and Steinbach in Manitoba and Fort McMurray in Alberta.
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