Fescue Grassland ecoregion
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|Fescue Grassland ecoregion||Canada||Percentage share of Canada total|
|Total area (km 2)||14,926||9,976,182||0.1|
|Land cover circa 2000 1 , 2|
|Annual cropland (km 2)||7,167||..||…|
|Perennial cropland and pasture (km 2)||3,155||..||…|
|Developed land (km 2)||393||..||…|
|Water (km 2)||188||..||…|
|Grasses (km 2)||3,350||..||…|
|Herbaceous (km 2)||375||..||…|
|Shrubland (km 2)||83||..||…|
|Wetland (km 2)||74||..||…|
|Other classes (km 2)||140||..||…|
|Area of dependable agricultural land 3 (km 2)||9,556||454,630||2.1|
|Proportion of area in dependable land (percent)||64.0||4.6||…|
|Population in 1971 (number)||320,006||21,568,310||1.5|
|Population in 1981 (number)||463,129||24,343,181||1.9|
|Population in 1991 (number)||560,616||27,296,859||2.1|
|Population in 1996 (number)||602,453||28,846,761||2.1|
|Population in 2001 (number)||671,754||30,007,094||2.2|
|Population in 2006 (number)||746,296||31,612,895||2.4|
|Population density in 2006 (people/km 2)||50.0||3.2||…|
|Change in population 1971 to 2006 (percent)||133.2||46.6||…|
|Labour force by industry, 2001 and 2006|
|Primary industries 4 in 2001||23,130||737,630||3.1|
|Primary industries 4 in 2006||30,575||762,460||4.0|
|Change in primary industries 4 (percent)||32.2||3.4||…|
|Construction and utilities in 2001||32,080||998,040||3.2|
|Construction and utilities in 2006||41,685||1,202,045||3.5|
|Change in construction and utilities (percent)||29.9||20.4||…|
|Manufacturing in 2001||39,210||2,174,285||1.8|
|Manufacturing in 2006||37,090||2,005,980||1.8|
|Change in manufacturing (percent)||-5.4||-7.7||…|
|Retail and wholesale trade 2001||60,635||2,441,410||2.5|
|Retail and wholesale trade 2006||66,985||2,656,475||2.5|
|Change in retail and wholesale trade (percent)||10.5||8.8||…|
|Transportation and warehousing in 2001||26,395||774,220||3.4|
|Transportation and warehousing in 2006||28,190||820,195||3.4|
|Change in transportation and warehousing (percent)||6.8||5.9||…|
|Information, culture and recreation in 2001||19,990||721,150||2.8|
|Information, culture and recreation in 2006||19,540||763,640||2.6|
|Change in information, culture and recreation (percent)||-2.3||5.9||…|
|Finance, scientific and real estate services in 2001||49,860||1,877,290||2.7|
|Finance, scientific and real estate services in 2006||65,900||2,115,165||3.1|
|Change in finance, scientific and real estate services (percent)||32.2||12.7||…|
|Educational and health care services in 2001||47,195||2,532,380||1.9|
|Educational and health care services in 2006||53,950||2,866,790||1.9|
|Change in educational and health care services (percent)||14.3||13.2||…|
|Accommodation and food services in 2001||27,550||1,046,045||2.6|
|Accommodation and food services in 2006||29,260||1,126,695||2.6|
|Change in accommodation and food services (percent)||6.2||7.7||…|
|Public administration, management and other services 5 in 2001||45,860||2,274,115||2.0|
|Public administration, management and other services 5 in 2006||51,395||2,541,725||2.0|
|Change in public administration, management and other services 5 (percent)||12.1||11.8||…|
|Industry - not applicable in 2001||2,880||295,510||1.0|
|Industry - not applicable in 2006||3,155||284,955||1.1|
|Change in industry - not applicable(percent)||9.5||-3.6||…|
|Total labour force 6 in 2001||382,430||15,872,070||2.4|
|Total labour force 6 in 2006||434,860||17,146,135||2.5|
|Change in total labour force 6 (percent)||13.7||8.0||…|
|Area of farmland in 1971 (hectares)||1,269,246||68,662,444||1.8|
|Area of farmland in 2006 (hectares)||1,320,692||67,586,739||2.0|
|Change in area of farmland (percent)||4.1||-1.6||…|
|Farms in 1971 (number)||3,208||366,128||0.9|
|Farms in 2006 (number)||3,250||229,373||1.4|
|Change in number of farms (percent)||1.3||-37.4||…|
|Area of cropland in 1971 (hectares)||491,138||27,828,479||1.8|
|Area of cropland in 2006 (hectares)||681,678||35,912,247||1.9|
|Change in area of cropland (percent)||38.8||29.0||…|
|Irrigated area 7 in 1970 (hectares)||10,014||421,342||2.4|
|Irrigated area 7 in 2005 (hectares)||32,416||844,975||3.8|
|Change in irrigated area 7 (percent)||223.7||100.5||…|
|Cattle in 1971 (number)||381,078||13,276,308||2.9|
|Cattle in 2006 (number)||622,384||15,773,527||3.9|
|Change in number of cattle (percent)||63.3||18.8||…|
|Grain 8 crop area in 1971 (hectares)||345,763||17,492,970||2.0|
|Grain 8 crop area in 2006 (hectares)||446,019||16,202,357||2.8|
|Change in grain 8 crop area (percent)||29.0||-7.4||…|
|Oilseeds 9 area in 1971 (hectares)||48,192||3,050,889||1.6|
|Oilseeds 9 area in 2001 (hectares)||89,173||14,968,202||0.6|
|Change in oilseeds 9 area (percent)||85.0||390.6||…|
|Gross farm sales (excluding forest products) 2005 (thousands of current dollars)||1,074,557||42,191,981||2.5|
Some land cover classes are aggregated. 'Developed land' includes built-up areas, lawns, road surfaces, industrial sites and farmsteads. 'Other' refers to unclassified land types due to shadow and clouds in the satellite imagery, as well as barren land, rock, forest and exposed land. Land cover is based on LANDSAT satellite data from 1996 to 2003.
Land cover statistics have not been compiled nationally from this source.
Dependable agricultural land is defined as land designated as Class 1, Class 2 and Class 3 by the Canada Land Inventory.
Includes agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting; and mining and oil and gas extraction.
Includes management of companies and enterprises; administrative and support, waste management and remediation services; other services (except public administration); and public administration.
Figures do not add up to the total due to suppression and random rounding of confidential data.
The data for irrigated area are reported for the year preceding the census year.
Includes spring and winter wheat, oats, barley, mixed grains, fall and spring rye, grain corn, buckwheat and triticale.
Includes canola, flaxseed, mustard seed, sunflowers and safflower.
Statistics Canada, CANSIM table 153-0057 (accessed October 8, 2009). Statistics Canada, Census of Population and Census of Agriculture. Statistics Canada, Environment Accounts and Statistics Division, Spatial Environmental Information System. Natural Resources Canada, 2008, Canada Land Inventory—Land Capability for Agriculture, Earth Sciences Sector, www.geogratis.ca/geogratis/en/collection/cli.html (accessed October 8, 2009). Natural Resources Canada, 2009, Land Cover, Circa 2000-Vector, Earth Sciences Sector, www.geobase.ca/geobase/en/data/landcover/index.html (accessed October 8, 2009). Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, 2010, A National Ecological Framework for Canada, http://sis.agr.gc.ca/cansis/nsdb/ecostrat/intro.html (accessed February 19, 2010).
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