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Gross Domestic Product by Industry

October 2007


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  1. Symbols
  2. The System of National Accounts
  3. Note
  4. For more information
  5. Note of appreciation
  6. Standards of service to the public
  7. Copyright


The following standard symbols are used in Statistics Canada publications:

not available for any reference period
not available for a specific reference period
not applicable
true zero or a value rounded to zero
value rounded to 0 (zero) where there is a meaningful distinction between true zero and the value that was rounded
suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act
use with caution
too unreliable to be published

The System of National Accounts

In Canada, the National Accounts have been developed since the close of the Second World War in a series of publications relating to their constituent parts. These have now reached a stage of evolution where they can be termed a “System of National Accounts”. For purposes of identification, all publications (containing tables of statistics, descriptions of conceptual frameworks and descriptions of sources and methods) which make up this System carry the term “System of National Accounts” as a general title.

The System of National Accounts in Canada consists of several parts. The annual and quarterly Income and Expenditure Accounts (included with Catalogue Nos. carrying the prefix 13) were, historically speaking, the first set of statistics to be referred to with the title “National Accounts” (National Accounts, Income and Expenditure). The Balance of International Payments data (Catalogue Nos. with prefix 67), are also part of the System of National Accounts and they, in fact, pre-date the Income and Expenditure Accounts.

Greatly expanded structural detail on industries and on goods and services is portrayed in the Input-Output Tables of the System (Catalogue Nos. with prefix 15). The Catalogue Nos. carrying the prefix 15 also provide measures of the contribution of each industry to total Gross Domestic Product at basic price as well as Productivity Measures.

Both the Input-Output tables and the estimates of Gross Domestic Product by Industry use the establishment as the primary unit of industrial production. Measures of financial transactions are provided by the Financial Flow Accounts (Catalogue Nos. with prefix 13). Types of lenders and financial instruments are the primary detail in these statistics and the legal entity is the main unit of classification of transactors. Balance sheets of outstanding assets and liabilities are published annually.

The System of National Accounts provides an overall conceptually integrated framework in which the various parts can be considered as interrelated sub-systems. At present, direct comparisons amongst those parts which use the establishment as the basic unit and those which use the legal entity can be carried out only at highly aggregated levels of data. However, Statistics Canada is continuing research on enterprise company establishment relationships; it may eventually be feasible to reclassify the data which are on one basis (say the establishment basis) to correspond to the units employed on another (the company or the enterprise basis).

In its broad outline, the Canadian System of National Accounts bears a close relationship to the international standard as described in System of National Accounts, 1993, a joint publication of the Commission of the European Communities, International Monetary Fund, Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, United Nations and World Bank.


Annual averages of seasonally adjusted data are identical to annual levels except for minor variations which are due to rounding.

This publication was prepared under the direction of:

M. Girard, Director,
Industry Accounts Division
J. Delisle, Assistant Director,
Industry Accounts Division
B. Lefrançois, Chief,
Monthly GDP Section

For more information

Contact Industry Accounts Division (IAD).

To purchase data phone our toll free number 1-800-887-4623 in Ottawa area, 613-951-4623 or by email:

The data published in Gross Domestic Product by Industry (catalogue no.15-001-X) are also available in table 379-0027 through CANSIM (Statistics Canada's machine-readable database). The CANSIM II database is available on the Internet at the following address: . Information can also be obtained by calling Statistics Canada at the numbers listed on the inside front cover of this publication.

Note of appreciation

Canada owes the success of its statistical system to a long standing partnership between Statistics Canada, the citizens of Canada, its businesses, governments and other institutions. Accurate and timely statistical information could not be produced without their continued cooperation and goodwill.

Standards of service to the public

Statistics Canada is committed to serving its clients in a prompt, reliable and courteous manner. To this end, the Agency has developed standards of service which its employees observe in serving its clients.


Published by authority of the Minister responsible for Statistics Canada

© Minister of Industry, 2007

All rights reserved. The content of this electronic publication may be reproduced, in whole or in part, and by any means, without further permission from Statistics Canada, subject to the following conditions: that it be done solely for the purposes of private study, research, criticism, review or newspaper summary, and/or for non-commercial purposes; and that Statistics Canada be fully acknowledged as follows: Source (or “Adapted from”, if appropriate): Statistics Canada, year of publication, name of product, catalogue number, volume and issue numbers, reference period and page(s). Otherwise, no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form, by any means—electronic, mechanical or photocopy—or for any purposes without prior written permission of Licensing Services, Client Services Division, Statistics Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1A 0T6.

December 2007

Catalogue no. 15-001-X, vol. 21, no. 10

ISSN 1492-3319

Frequency: Monthly


Industry Accounts Division