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  • This study provides detailed employment data in a Human Resource Module (HRM) of the Canadian Tourism Satellite Account (CTSA). This information is useful for tourism analysts and employment and training planners.

  • Since the HRM is based on the same concepts as the CTSA and the National Tourism Indicators (NTI), direct comparisons can be made with the data in these accounts.

  • With this release, the HRM is updated to 2007 from 2006. Revised Labour Force Survey, and Canadian Productivity Accounts' estimates, as well as the Census 2006, have been incorporated, leading to revisions of the HRM estimates for 1997 to 2006. In addition, a refinement was made to better match the tourism industries in the CTSA. Finally, occupation groups are now based on the National Occupational Classification for Statistics (NOC-S) 2006.

  • Detailed information is available for all tourism industries, in this case aggregated into five industry groups. These industry groups include transportation (which is further split into air transportation and other transportation), accommodation, food and beverage services, recreation and entertainment and travel services.

  • The HRM provides information on the number of employee jobs, hours worked, and employment earnings according to whether the jobs are full-time or part-time, by occupation. The same information is also available according to the gender, age group and immigrant status of employees. More aggregated estimates are provided for self-employment jobs.

  • One of the strengths of the HRM is that it can convey information from two different perspectives; the total industry approach and the CTSA approach. With the former, all jobs in an industry are estimated. With the CTSA approach, in contrast, only a fraction of these jobs, the ones that can be directly attributed to spending by tourists, is estimated.

  • With this update, the annual estimates of total employment in the tourism industry groups of the HRM are made available. Detailed estimates of the employment that can be directly attributed to tourism demand (or spending by tourists) are under development.

  • In 2007, 1.7 million jobs were held in the tourism industries covered in the HRM. This represented about 10% of the 17.1 million jobs in the economy that year.

  • According to the National Tourism Indicators, 525 thousand of these 1.7 million jobs could be directly attributed to tourism demand (spending).

  • The number of jobs in the tourism industries was up 3.4% in 2007, after growing 2.0% in 2006. By comparison, the number of jobs economy-wide was up 2.1% in 2007, following a 1.8% gain in 2006.

  • In 2007, food and beverage services added 23 thousand jobs, while more modest increases were recorded in recreation and entertainment (+10 thousand), other transportation (+10 thousand) and accommodation (+8 thousand). Job gains were smaller in air transportation (+2 thousand) and travel services (+2 thousand).

  • The weekly hours worked in jobs in the tourism industries averaged 29.8 hours in 2007, compared to an economy-wide average of 33.3 hours per job.

  • Hourly compensation increased faster in tourism industries compared to the economy overall. Hourly compensation in tourism in 2007 was $18.33 per hour, up 5.1% from one year earlier. Hourly compensation averaged $27.68 across all jobs in the economy, up 4.0%.

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