Canada at a Glance 2020
Population

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Table 1
Population estimates
Table summary
This table displays the results of Population estimates 2009, 2014, 2019 and 2009 to 2019, calculated using number and Percent change units of measure (appearing as column headers).
2009 2014 2019Note p: preliminary 2009 to 2019
number percent change
Canada 33,757,077 35,559,047 37,797,496 12.0
Newfoundland and Labrador 518,985 528,461 521,922 0.6
Prince Edward Island 140,611 144,538 157,901 12.3
Nova Scotia 940,501 938,972 976,768 3.9
New Brunswick 751,066 759,524 780,021 3.9
Quebec 7,871,361 8,165,447 8,522,800 8.3
Ontario 13,047,485 13,661,314 14,659,616 12.4
Manitoba 1,211,875 1,283,366 1,373,859 13.4
Saskatchewan 1,039,554 1,116,203 1,178,657 13.4
Alberta 3,694,303 4,106,056 4,395,586 19.0
British Columbia 4,431,576 4,737,725 5,105,576 15.2
Yukon 34,025 37,272 41,022 20.6
Northwest Territories 42,924 44,064 44,895 4.6
Nunavut 32,811 36,105 38,873 18.5

Table 2
Components of demographic growth
Table summary
This table displays the results of Components of demographic growth 1998/1999, 2008/2009 and 2018/2019, calculated using number units of measure (appearing as column headers).
1998/1999 2008/2009 2018/2019Note p: preliminary
number
Births 338,295 379,290 382,533
Deaths 217,632 237,708 287,725
Immigrants 173,194 245,289 313,580
Emigrants 48,008 61,531 61,815
Returning emigrants 17,491 32,069 41,065
Net temporary emigrants 25,567 18,529 27,677
Net non-permanent residents 18,317 71,886 171,536

Chart 1 Population growth

Data table for Chart 1 
Data table for Chart 1
Table summary
This table displays the results of Data table for Chart 1 Population growth, Natural increase and International migratory increase, calculated using thousands units of measure (appearing as column headers).
Population growth Natural increase International migratory increase
thousands
1978/1979 238.34 196.63 61.65
1979/1980 314.12 195.83 138.29
1980/1981 304.25 201.60 122.71
1981/1982 297.03 200.12 118.53
1982/1983 249.51 197.07 74.05
1983/1984 240.60 200.37 61.91
1984/1985 235.06 197.18 59.50
1985/1986 258.16 192.03 86.30
1986/1987 346.32 190.42 158.57
1987/1988 345.15 180.12 167.70
1988/1989 485.03 195.63 292.07
1989/1990 414.36 210.67 206.35
1990/1991 346.28 210.49 140.05
1991/1992 333.84 206.14 151.89
1992/1993 313.50 190.37 147.25
1993/1994 315.90 179.70 160.32
1994/1995 301.65 172.61 153.16
1995/1996 307.91 162.69 167.55
1996/1997 295.73 140.09 165.62
1997/1998 249.23 127.44 131.77
1998/1999 246.11 120.66 135.43
1999/2000 284.44 119.68 174.77
2000/2001 335.17 107.99 236.70
2001/2002 339.18 107.66 237.94
2002/2003 283.95 106.62 183.75
2003/2004 296.63 108.93 194.13
2004/2005 303.10 109.36 200.15
2005/2006 327.42 120.59 216.09
2006/2007 317.85 127.09 219.75
2007/2008 358.09 137.17 249.99
2008/2009 381.78 141.58 269.18
2009/2010 375.99 142.24 262.75
2010/2011 334.44 131.46 230.98
2011/2012 374.89 136.43 260.56
2012/2013 368.73 129.95 260.82
2013/2014 354.48 129.23 247.29
2014/2015 265.47 117.15 170.35
2015/2016 406.58 121.49 304.05
2016/2017 433.83 105.22 328.62
2017/2018 514.44 96.17 418.27
2018/2019 531.50 94.81 436.69

Chart 2 Marital status of Canadians, 2020<sup>p</sup>

Data table for Chart 2 
Data table for Chart 2
Table summary
This table displays the results of Data table for Chart 2 Percent (appearing as column headers).
Percent
Single (never legally married)Data table Note 1 29.0
Living common law 11.8
Married and not separated 44.8
SeparatedData table Note 1 2.7
DivorcedData table Note 1 6.1
WidowedData table Note 1 5.7

Table 3
Population by mother tongue, selected languages
Table summary
This table displays the results of Population by mother tongue 2006, 2016 and 2006 to 2016, calculated using number and percent change units of measure (appearing as column headers).
2006 2016 2006 to 2016
number percent change
Total populationPopulation by Note 1 31,241,030 34,767,255 11.3
English 17,882,775 19,460,855 8.8
French 6,817,655 7,166,705 5.1
Chinese languagesPopulation by Note 2 1,012,065 1,253,360 23.8
Punjabi (Panjabi) 367,505 501,680 36.5
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 235,615 431,385 83.1
Spanish 345,345 458,850 32.9
Arabic 261,640 419,890 60.5
Italian 455,040 375,640 -17.4
German 450,570 384,035 -14.8
Urdu 145,805 210,820 44.6

Chart 3 Immigrants admitted in Canada, by destination

Data table for Chart 3 
Data table for Chart 3
Table summary
This table displays the results of Data table for Chart 3. The information is grouped by (appearing as row headers), 1999 and 2019, calculated using number units of measure (appearing as column headers).
1999 2019
number
Territories 150 638
B.C. 36,106 50,244
Alta. 12,089 43,694
Sask. 1,726 15,857
Man. 3,725 18,911
Ont. 104,165 153,413
Que. 29,179 40,567
Atlantic region 2,831 17,879

Table 4
Population, by census metropolitan area
Table summary
This table displays the results of Population 2009, 2019 and 2009 to 2019, calculated using number and % change units of measure (appearing as column headers).
2009 2019 2009 to 2019
number percent change
Total population 33,628,895 37,589,262 11.8
St. John's 193,867 212,433 9.6
Halifax 393,688 440,348 11.9
Moncton 136,211 155,825 14.4
Saint John 128,691 131,025 1.8
Saguenay 158,938 162,416 2.2
Québec 758,345 824,411 8.7
Sherbrooke 198,786 221,043 11.2
Trois-Rivières 150,112 160,685 7.0
Montréal 3,907,597 4,318,505 10.5
Ottawa–Gatineau 1,246,116 1,441,118 15.6
Kingston 161,564 175,708 8.8
Belleville 104,515 111,311 6.5
Peterborough 121,064 131,416 8.6
Oshawa 357,274 413,936 15.9
Toronto 5,588,312 6,471,850 15.8
Hamilton 730,354 794,716 8.8
St. Catharines–Niagara 401,517 434,927 8.3
Kitchener–Cambridge–Waterloo 501,631 584,259 16.5
Brantford 137,724 149,018 8.2
Guelph 142,773 165,236 15.7
London 483,908 545,441 12.7
Windsor 329,634 354,917 7.7
Barrie 189,558 213,660 12.7
Greater Sudbury 168,148 172,216 2.4
Thunder Bay 125,043 127,201 1.7
Winnipeg 729,444 844,566 15.8
Regina 210,464 261,684 24.3
Saskatoon 257,960 330,674 28.2
Lethbridge 106,433 127,232 19.5
Calgary 1,220,700 1,514,723 24.1
Edmonton 1,163,333 1,447,143 24.4
Kelowna 178,330 217,229 21.8
Abbotsford–Mission 170,762 201,953 18.3
Vancouver 2,301,469 2,691,351 16.9
Victoria 348,064 402,271 15.6

Chart 4 Population shares of children and seniors, by Aboriginal identity, 2016

Data table for Chart 4 
Data table for Chart 4
Table summary
This table displays the results of Data table for Chart 4 Percent (appearing as column headers).
Percent
1996 18.1
2001 20.2
2006 19.5
2011 22.1
2016 25.7
 
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