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International comparisons

Tables

  • Table 18   International comparisons

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Table 18  International comparisons
  Unit of measure Canada United States Mexico France Germany Italy United Kingdom Japan OECD total1
Area thousands of km2 9,9852 9,376 1,996 549 357 301 245 378 34,804
                     
Population, 2007 thousands 32,927 301,290 105,791 61,938 82,257 58,880 60,975 127,771 1,179,337
Growth rate, 2006 to 2007 % change 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.6 -0.1 0.8 0.6 0.0 0.4
Density persons per km2 3 32 53 113 230 195 249 338 34
                     
Vital statistics, 2007                    
Infant mortality per 1,000 live births 5.03 6.73 15.7 3.8 3.8 3.73 4.83 2.6 4.96
Male life expectancy at birth years 78.43 75.43 72.6 77.5 77.2 78.43 77.13 79.2 76.26
Female life expectancy at birth years 83.03 80.73 77.4 84.4 82.4 84.03 81.13 86.0 81.86
                     
Gross domestic product (GDP), 20087 US$ billions 1,502.2 14,196.5 1,081.7 2,856.5 3,649.5 2,303.1 2,653.6 4,910.4 43,235.7
GDP per capita8 US$ 39,400 46,500 14,400 33,400 35,600 30,300 36,300 34,100 33,400
Average annual growth, 1998 to 2008 % change 2.9 2.6 2.9 2.0 1.5 1.2 2.6 1.3 2.3
                     
Sectoral contributions to gross value added, 20079                    
Agriculture % 2.24 1.3 3.33 2.2 0.9 2.1 0.7 1.4
Industry % 31.74 21.8 35.83 20.4 30.4 27.5 23.0 28.5
Services % 66.14 76.9 60.93 77.4 68.7 70.4 76.3 70.1
                     
Consumer Price Index, April 2008 to April 2009 % change 0.4 -0.7 6.2 0.1 0.7 1.2 2.3 -0.1 0.6
                     
Employment, 2007                    
Labour force thousands 18,008 154,365 44,048 27,702 41,685 24,728 30,721 66,690 568,162
Civilian employment thousands 16,866 146,047 42,552 25,093 37,815 22,970 28,965 64,120 533,627
Unemployment rate % 6.0 4.6 3.4 8.2 8.7 6.2 5.3 3.9 5.6
Female participation rate % 74.4 70.4 47.4 63.4 70.0 51.1 69.2 66.9 62.4
                     
Energy, 2006                    
Consumption10 million tonnes of oil equivalent 204.98 1,587.83 114.76 164.97 233.15 139.27 142.81 341.70 3,771.48
Production11 million tonnes of oil equivalent 413.19 1,665.18 251.05 135.45 137.03 26.38 176.23 90.47 3,832.87
                     
Environment, 2007                    
Total CO2 emissions from fuel combustion12 millions of tonnes 572.9 5,769.3 437.9 369.3 798.4 437.6 523.0 1,236.3 13,000.8
Change in emissions, 1990 to 2007 % change 32.5 18.6 49.5 4.9 -16.0 10.0 -5.4 16.1 17.4
CO2 per unit of GDP kg per US $2,000 0.66 0.50 0.58 0.25 0.39 0.37 0.30 0.24 0.43
CO2 per capita tonnes 17.37 19.10 4.14 5.81 9.71 7.38 8.60 9.68 10.97
                     
Health and education                    
Health expenditures, 2007 % of GDP 10.1 16.0 5.9 11.0 10.4 8.7 8.4 8.13 8.96
Education expenditures, 200613 % of GDP 6.55 7.4 5.7 5.9 4.8 4.9 5.9 5.0 5.86
                     
International trade, 2007                    
Commodity imports14 (cost, insurance, freight) US$ billions 380.4 2,017.1 283.2 611.1 1,059.3 511.8 624.8 622.2 9,485.8
Commodity exports14 (free on board basis) US$ billions 420.2 1,162.4 272.0 539.3 1,328.8 500.4 440.1 714.3 8,641.4
Source: OECD in Figures, 2009 edition.