Table 3
Contribution to productivity growth gaps, a counter-factual exercise

Table summary
This table displays the results of Contribution to productivity growth gaps, a counter-factual exercise. 1984 to 1990, 1990 to 1996 and 2000 to 2006, calculated using percentage points units of measure (appearing as column headers).
  1984
to
1990
1990
to
1996
2000
to
2006
  percentage points
Average annual changes in average tariffs between Canada and United States -0.3 -0.6 0.0
Average annual changes in real exchange rates 1.6 -1.9 5.5
Actual average annual mean differences in labour productivity growth, entrants less continuing non-exporters 2.0 5.3 0.1
Estimated differences 2.9 5.2 0.3
Should there be no changes in tariffs and real exchange rates 4.1 4.1 4.1
Due to changes in tariff rate -0.1 -0.2 0.0
Due to changes in real exchange rate -1.1 1.3 -3.8
Actual average annual mean differences in labour productivity growth, exiters less continuing exporters -3.1 -6.9 -0.2
Estimated differences -4.7 -6.6 -2.7
Should there be no changes in tariffs and real exchange rates -5.7 -5.7 -5.7
Due to changes in tariff rate 0.1 0.2 0.0
Due to changes in real exchange rate 0.9 -1.0 3.0
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