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Amiti, Mary, and Shang-Jin Wei. 2005. Service Offshoring, Productivity, and Employment: Evidence from the United States. International Monetary Fund Working Paper no. WP/05/238.

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Antràs, Pol, and Elhanan Helpman. 2004. "Global sourcing." Journal of Political Economy. 112, 3: 552–580.

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Baldwin, John R., and Wulong Gu. 2003. "Export-market participation and productivity performance in Canadian manufacturing." Canadian Journal of Economics. 36, 3: 634–657.

Baldwin, John R., and Wulong Gu. 2007. Investment and Long-term Productivity Growth in the Canadian Business Sector, 1961 to 2002. The Canadian Productivity Review. Catalogue no. 15- 206-XIE2007006. Ottawa: Statistics Canada.

Baldwin, John R., Wulong Gu and Beiling Yan. 2007. User Guide for Statistics Canada's Annual Multifactor Productivity Program. The Canadian Productivity Review. Catalogue no. 15- 206-XIE2007014. Ottawa: Statistics Canada.

Baldwin, John R., Ron S. Jarmin and Jianmin Tang. 2002. The Trend to Smaller Producers in Manufacturing: A Canada/U.S. Comparison. Economic Analysis (EA) Working Paper Series. Catalogue no. 11F0027MIE2002003. Ottawa: Statistics Canada.

Bartel Anne P., Saul Lach and Nachum Sicherman. 2005. Outsourcing and Technological Change. NBER Working Paper no. 11158. Cambridge, Mass.: National Bureau of Economic Research.

Beckman, Kip, and Danielle Goldfarb. 2007. Canada's Changing Role in Global Supply Chains. Ottawa: The Conference Board of Canada.

Beckstead, Desmond, Sëan Burrows and Guy Gellatly. 2007. New Economy: Using National Accounting Architecture to Estimate the Size of the High-technology Economy. Canadian Economy in Transition Series. Catalogue no. 11-622-MIE2007015. Ottawa: Statistics Canada.

Bernard, Andrew B., and J. Bradford Jensen. 1999. Exporting and Productivity. NBER Working Paper no. 7135. Cambridge, Mass.: National Bureau of Economic Research.

Blinder, Alan S. 2006. "Offshoring: The next industrial revolution?" Foreign Affairs. 85, 2: 113– 128.

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Diewert, Erwin. 2005. "Progress in service sector productivity measurement: Review article on productivity in the U.S. services sector: New sources of economic growth." International Productivity Monitor. Number 11, Fall 2005: 57–69.

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Falk, Martin, and Yvonne Wolfmayr. 2005. The Impact of International Outsourcing on Employment: Empirical Evidence from EU Countries. Working Paper for EU KLEMS Project.

Feenstra, Robert C. 1999. "Integration of trade and disintegration of production in the economy." The Journal of Economic Perspectives. 12, 4: 31–50.

Feenstra, Robert C., and Gordon H. Hanson. 1996. "Globalization, outsourcing, and wage inequality." The American Economic Review. 86, 2: 240–245.

Feenstra, Robert C., and Gordon H. Hanson. 1999. "The impact of outsourcing and high- technology capital on wages estimates for the United States, 1979–1990." The Quarterly Journal of Economics. 114, 3: 907–940.

Feenstra, Robert C., and Gordon H. Hanson. 2001. Global Production Sharing and Rising Inequality: A Survey of Trade and Wages. NBER Working Paper no. 8372. Cambridge, Mass.: National Bureau of Economic Research.

Fixler, Dennis J., and Donald D. Siegel. 1999. "Outsourcing and productivity growth in services." Structural Change and Economic Dynamics. 10, 2: 177–194. New York: Elsevier.

Garner, C. Alan. 2004. "Offshoring in the service sector: Economic impact and policy issues." Economic Review. 2004, 3: 5–33. Kansas City: Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City.

Gaston, Noel, and Daniel Trefler. 1994. "The role of international trade and trade policy in the labour markets of Canada and the United States." The World Economy. 17, 1: 45–62.

Girma, Sourafel, and Holger Görg. 2004. "Outsourcing, foreign ownership, and productivity: Evidence from U.K. establishment-level data." Review of International Economics. 12, 5: 817– 832.

Görg, Holger, and Aoife Hanley. 2003. International Outsourcing and Productivity: Evidence from Plant Level Data. Globalization, Productivity and Technology Research Paper Series. Nottingham, U.K.: University of Nottingham.

Görg, Holger, and Aoife Hanley. 2005. "International outsourcing and productivity: Evidence from the Irish electronics industry." North American Journal of Economics & Finance. 16, 2: 255–269.

Grossman, Gene M, and Esteban Rossi-Hansberg. 2006. The Rise of Offshoring: It's Not Wine for Cloth Anymore. Princeton, New Jersey :Princeton University, Department of Economics.

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Gu, Wulong, Mustapha Kaci, Jean-Pierre Maynard and Mary-Anne Sillamaa. 2002. "The changing composition of the Canadian workforce and its impact on productivity growth." 67–99. In Productivity Growth in Canada-2002. John R. Baldwin and Tarek M. Harchaoui (eds.). Catalogue no. 15-204-XIE2001000. Ottawa: Statistics Canada.

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Hatzichronoglou, Thomas. 2006. The Impact of Offshoring on Employment: Measurement Issues and Implications. Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. (accessed December 18, 2007).

Head, Keith, and John Ries. 2002. "Offshore production and skill upgrading by Japanese manufacturing firms." Journal of International Economics. 58, 1: 81–105.

Head, Keith, Thierry Mayer and John Ries. 2006. How Remote is the Offshoring Threat? Paper presented for a conference on "Offshore Outsourcing: Capitalizing on Lessons Learned." Toronto: Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto.

Helpman, Elhanan, and Daniel Trefler. 2006. The New World Division of Labor. Paper presented for a conference on "Offshore Outsourcing: Capitalizing on Lessons Learned" Toronto: Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto. (accessed December 20, 2007).

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Liu, Runjuan, and Daniel Trefler. 2006. The Impact of Service Offshoring and Inshoring on the U.S. Labor Market. Toronto: Department of Economics, University of Toronto.

Mankiw N.Gregory, and Phillip Swagel. 2006. The Politics and Economics of Offshore Outsourcing. NBER working paper 12398. Cambridge, Mass.: National Bureau of Economic Research.

Mann, Catherine L. 2003. Globalization of IT Services and White Collar Jobs: The Next Wave of Productivity Growth. International Economics Policy Brief no. PB03-01. Washington, D.C.: Peterson Institute for International Economics.

McCarthy, John C. 2002. "3.3 million U.S. Services Jobs to Go Offshore." Trends, November 11. Cambridge, Mass.: Forrester Research.

Morissette René, and Anick Johnson. 2006. Offshoring and Employment in Canada: Some Basic Facts. Paper presented for a conference on "Offshore Outsourcing: Capitalizing on Lessons Learned." Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto. 06.pdf (accessed December 20, 2007). (Also published in Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series. Catalogue no. 11F0019MIE2007300. Ottawa: Statistics Canada.)

Olsen, Karsten Bjerring. 2006. Productivity Impacts of Offshoring and Outsourcing: A Review. OECD Science, Technology and Industry Working Paper no. 2006/1. Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.

Sako, Mari. 2006. "Outsourcing and offshoring: Implications for productivity of business services." Oxford Review of Economic Policy. 22, 4: 499–512.

Siegel, Donald D., and Zvi Griliches. 1992. "Purchased services, outsourcing, computers, and prosuctivity in manufacturing." In Output Measurement in the Service Sectors. Z. Griliches (ed.). 429–458. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

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Trefler, Daniel. 2005. Policy Responses to the New Offshoring: Think Globally, Invest Locally. Toronto: University of Toronto. (accessed December 20, 2007).

Triplet, Jack E., and Barry P. Bosworth. 2004. Productivity in the Services Sector: New Sources of Economic Growth. Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institute Press.

UNCTAD. 2004. United Nations Conference on Trade and Development. The World Investment Report 2004: Shifts Towards Services. New York; Geneva: United Nations.

Yan, Beiling. 2006. "Demand for skills in Canada: The role of foreign outsourcing and information and communication technology." Canadian Journal of Economics. 39, 1: 53–67.

Yuskavage, Robert E., Erich H. Strassner and Gabriel W. Medeiros. 2006. Outsourcing and Imported Services in BEA's Industry Accounts. Paper prepared for the NBER Conference on Research in Income and Wealth Conference on International Service Flows. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce.

Williamson, Oliver E. 1975. Markets and Hierarchies: Analysis and Antitrust Implications: A Study in the Economics of Internal Organization. New York: Free Press.