Sustainable Development Goals
Goal 7, Affordable and Clean Energy

Release date: October 20, 2020

Sustainable Development Goals: Goal 7, Affordable and Clean Energy

Description: Sustainable Development Goals: Goal 7, Affordable and Clean Energy

Energy use grew by 26% between 1990 and 2016. Without energy efficiency improvements, energy use would have grown by 56%.

Energy efficiency has increased 31% in Canada since 1990. In 2016, these improvements saved Canadians $45 Billion.

Source: Natural Resources Canada, Energy Fact Book 2019-2020.


Electricity in Canada

In 2017, 82% of electricity generation came from non-GHG emitting sources


Table 1
Table summary
This table displays the results of Table 1. The information is grouped by Type of electricity generation (appearing as row headers), Percent (appearing as column headers).
Type of electricity generation Percent
Hydro 60
Nuclear 15
Gas/oil/others 10
Coal 9
Other renewables 7

Note: Greenhouse Gases (GHG) trap heat in the Earth's atmosphere. Human activity increases the amount of GHGs, contributing to global warming.

Source: Natural Resources Canada, Energy Fact Book 2019-2020.


Canada’s top energy sources in 2017

  • 76% fossil fuels
  • 17% renewable energy
  • 9% nuclear

Source: Natural Resources Canada, Energy Fact Book 2019-2020.

Community Spotlight

Clean Energy Canada is a climate and clean energy think tank at Simon Fraser University. It works to accelerate Canada’s shift to renewable energy sources and clean technology through research, influential dialogues, policy leadership and citizen engagement. In 2019, it released two significant studies examining the size and scope of Canada’s clean energy sector, exploring opportunities for its sustained growth as the nation cuts pollution and transitions to clean energy.

Source: Clean Energy Canada


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