Government Expenditures in Alberta

Release date: April 6, 2018

A presentation to Alberta Deputy Ministers
February 12, 2018

Anil Arora
Chief Statistician of Canada

On April 11th, 2018, the chart on GDP per capita in chained 2007 dollars was replaced by GDP per capita, at current prices, 2016, which is the appropriate per capita measure.

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Reviewing the economic and demographic context

Alberta is an economic force in Canada

Even as declining oil prices led to an economic downturn it had the highest provincial GDP per capita in 2016

Chart - Percentage change in expenditure-based GDP, chained 2007 dollars
Description for Chart - Percentage change in expenditure-based GDP, chained 2007 dollars
Percentage change in expenditure-based GDP, chained 2007 dollars
Year Alberta Canada
2007 2% 2%
2008 2% 1%
2009 -6% -3%
2010 5% 3%
2011 6% 3%
2012 4% 2%
2013 6% 2%
2014 6% 3%
2015 -4% 1%
2016 -4% 1%
2017 7% 3%
Sources: CANSIM table 384-0038; The Conference Board of Canada, Canadian Outlook Economic Forecast: Autumn 2017, and Provincial Outlook: Autumn 2017.
Chart - GDP per capita, at current prices, 2016
Description for Chart - GDP per capita, at current prices, 2016
GDP per capita, at current prices, 2016
  GDP per capita
Canada $56,129.28
Newfoundland and Labrador $58,668.12
Prince Edward Island $42,288.86
Nova Scotia $43,986.09
New Brunswick $45,187.12
Quebec $47,443.44
Ontario $56,870.12
Manitoba $51,484.89
Saskatchewan $65,524.80
Alberta $74,342.79
British Columbia $55,427.69
Source: CANSIM table 384-0038.

Rich in economic assets

A young and growing population

Alberta had the highest population growth amongst provinces between 2011 and 2016

Map - Population growth by province, 2011-2016
Description for Map - Population growth by province, 2011-2016
Map - Population growth by province, 2011-2016
Province Population growth (%)
Newfoundland and Labrador 1.0%
Prince Edward Island 1.9%
Nova Scotia 0.2%
New Brunswick -0.5%
Quebec 3.3%
Ontario 4.6%
Manitoba 5.8%
Saskatchewan 6.3%
Alberta 11.6%
British Columbia 5.6%
Sources: Statistics Canada, 2011 and 2016 Census of Population.

Alberta has a young population

Chart - Age distribution by province, 2016
Description for Chart - Age distribution by province, 2016
Age distribution by province, 2016
Province 19 and under 20 to 64 65 and +
Quebec 21% 61% 18%
Ontario 22% 62% 16%
Saskatchewan 25% 60% 15%
Alberta 24% 64% 12%
British Columbia 20% 62% 18%
Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population.

A diverse population

Half of the population living in Alberta was born outside the province

Chart - Birth origin of residents of Alberta
Description for Chart - Birth origin of residents of Alberta
Birth origin of residents of Alberta
  Percent
Born in province or territory of residence 51%
Born outside Canada 24%
Born in another province or territory 25%
Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population.
Chart - Birth origin of residents of Canada
Description for Chart - Birth origin of residents of Canada
Birth origin of residents of Canada
  Percent
Born in province or territory of residence 65%
Born outside Canada 24%
Born in another province or territory 11%
Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population.

Alberta has a sizeable aboriginal population

Chart - Population with Aboriginal identity, 2016
Description for Chart - Population with Aboriginal identity, 2016
Population with Aboriginal identity, 2016
Province Aboriginal population Aboriginal percent of population
Quebec 182,890 2.3
Ontario 374,395 2.8
Saskatchewan 175,015 16.3
Alberta 258,640 6.5
British Columbia 270,585 5.9
Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population.

A highly engaged labour force

High participation rate

Chart - Labour force participation rate, both sexes age 15 and over (%)
Description for Chart - Labour force participation rate, both sexes age 15 and over (%)
Labour force participation rate, both sexes age 15 and over (%)
Year Canada Alberta
(%)
2001 65.9 72.3
2002 66.9 72.9
2003 67.6 73.5
2004 67.5 73.5
2005 67.1 72.7
2006 67.0 73.4
2007 67.4 74.3
2008 67.6 74.7
2009 67.1 74.3
2010 66.9 73.0
2011 66.7 73.6
2012 66.5 73.6
2013 66.5 73.1
2014 66.0 72.7
2015 65.8 73.0
2016 65.7 72.5
2017 65.8 72.4
Source: CANSIM table 282-0002.

High involvement

Chart - Labour force involvement by demographic group, 2017
Description for Chart - Labour force involvement by demographic group, 2017
Labour force involvement by demographic group, 2017
  Canada Alberta
(%)
Landed immigrants, both sexes 63.6 70.8
Aboriginal population, both sexes 64.4 68.7
15 to 24 years, both sexes 63.9 66.4
Females 61.5 66.2
Sources: CANSIM tables 282-0102 (immigrants), 282-0226 (Aboriginal), 282-0002 (female and youth).

Recent challenges

Chart - Unemployment rate
Description for Chart - Unemployment rate
Unemployment rate
Year Canada Alberta
(%)
2001 7.2 4.7
2002 7.7 5.3
2003 7.6 5.1
2004 7.2 4.7
2005 6.8 4.0
2006 6.3 3.5
2007 6.0 3.5
2008 6.1 3.6
2009 8.3 6.5
2010 8.1 6.6
2011 7.5 5.4
2012 7.3 4.6
2013 7.1 4.6
2014 6.9 4.7
2015 6.9 6.0
2016 7.0 8.1
2017 6.3 7.8
Source: CANSIM table 282-0002.

Recent improvements

Chart - Alberta total employment and unemployment rate
Description for Chart - Alberta total employment and unemployment rate
Alberta total employment and unemployment rate
  Unemployment rate in % Employment in thousands
January 2014 4.7 2,239.9
February 2014 4.4 2,260.4
March 2014 5.1 2,255.5
April 2014 5.0 2,258.9
May 2014 4.6 2,269.2
June 2014 4.9 2,283.6
July 2014 4.5 2,282.1
August 2014 5.2 2,267.2
September 2014 4.7 2,279.5
October 2014 4.5 2,289.5
November 2014 4.4 2,293.1
December 2014 4.9 2,301.9
January 2015 4.6 2,311.9
February 2015 5.4 2,300.1
March 2015 5.6 2,293.3
April 2015 5.7 2,309.6
May 2015 5.9 2,305.5
June 2015 5.9 2,303.8
July 2015 6.1 2,304.8
August 2015 5.9 2,307.9
September 2015 6.6 2,313.4
October 2015 6.7 2,296.9
November 2015 7.0 2,291.3
December 2015 7.1 2,281.4
January 2016 7.5 2,273.4
February 2016 7.9 2,276.6
March 2016 7.1 2,285.1
April 2016 7.5 2,267.8
May 2016 8.0 2,248.3
June 2016 8.1 2,246.8
July 2016 8.7 2,252.9
August 2016 8.2 2,255.2
September 2016 8.5 2,269.1
October 2016 8.5 2,275.8
November 2016 9.0 2,265.9
December 2016 8.6 2,265.5
January 2017 8.7 2,268.6
February 2017 8.2 2,271.8
March 2017 8.3 2,284.6
April 2017 7.9 2,286.8
May 2017 7.8 2,288.9
June 2017 7.5 2,294.6
July 2017 7.8 2,285.0
August 2017 8.1 2,287.6
September 2017 7.8 2,282.4
October 2017 7.6 2,292.9
November 2017 7.3 2,300.0
December 2017 7.0 2,320.4
Sources: Labour Force Survey (LFS); CANSIM table 282-0087.

More employment in higher paid occupations

Chart - Employees by occupation, Alberta variance from Canada, 2016
Description for Chart - Employees by occupation, Alberta variance from Canada, 2016
Employees by occupation, Alberta variance from Canada, 2016
Occupation Variance
Business -0.02%
Health -0.14%
Management 0.57%
Sciences 0.78%
Natural resources 0.92%
Culture -0.81%
Education and government -1.54%
Manufacturing and utilities -1.19%
Sales and service -1.50%
Trades and transport 3.36%
Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population.
Chart - Average hourly wage rate, 2017
Description for Chart - Average hourly wage rate, 2017
Average hourly wage rate, 2017
  Alberta Canada Alberta (difference)
Business 29.25 26.01 3.85
Health 34.75 29.79 4.96
Management 45.53 42.64 2.89
Sciences 42.46 35.89 6.57
Natural resources 31.17 23.57 7.60
Culture 24.43 23.03 1.40
Education and government 33.71 31.91 1.80
Manufacturing and utilities 30.72 22.02 8.70
Sales and service 18.79 16.77 2.02
Trades and transport 30.94 25.91 5.03
Source: CANSIM table 282-0152.

Alberta's economic assets and skilled workforce support wealth creation

Percentage change in median household income, 2005 to 2015

Map - Percentage change in median household income, 2005 to 2015
Description for Map - Percentage change in median household income, 2005 to 2015
Map - Percentage change in median household income by province, 2005-2015
Province Percentage change in median household income
Newfoundland and Labrador 28.9%
Prince Edward Island 11.1%
Nova Scotia 10.2%
New Brunswick 11.0%
Quebec 8.9%
Ontario 3.8%
Manitoba 20.3%
Saskatchewan 36.5%
Alberta 24.0%
British Columbia 12.2%
Sources: Statistics Canada, 2011 and 2016 Census of Population.

Lower prevalence of individuals with low income

Chart - Prevalence of low income, 2015
Description for Chart - Prevalence of low income, 2015
Prevalence of low income, 2015
  Percent of low income individuals
Canada 9.2
Quebec 9.2
Ontario 9.8
Saskatchewan 5.9
Alberta 7.0
British Columbia 11.0
Sources: Statistics Canada, 2011 and 2016 Census of Population.

Albertans spend less of their income on shelter

Chart - Owner spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs, 2016
Description for Chart - Owner spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs, 2016
Owner spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs, 2016
  Percent
Canada 16.6
Quebec 12.9
Ontario 19.8
Saskatchewan 12.1
Alberta 15.1
British Columbia 20.7
Sources: Statistics Canada, 2011 and 2016 Census of Population.

The Alberta government has a revenue profile that reflects its natural resource economy

Receives more royalties, but less sales tax and federal transfers

Chart - Government revenue composition, 2014
Description for Chart - Government revenue composition, 2014
Government revenue composition, 2014
  Alberta Canada
Personal taxes 17% 19%
Corporate taxes 9% 5%
Taxes on property 13% 13%
Sales taxes 12% 20%
Federal transfers 10% 16%
Royalties 14% 2%
Source: CANSIM table 385-0042.

Royalties and corporate tax revenues decreased due to decline in oil prices

Chart - Alberta government revenue by source, 2014 and 2016
Description for Chart - Alberta government revenue by source, 2014 and 2016
Alberta government revenue by source, 2014 and 2016
Alberta 2014 2016
dollars (millions)
Personal taxes 11,042 10,763
Corporate taxes 5,750 3,729
Taxes on property 8,497 9,284
Sales taxes 7,842 9,060
Federal transfers 6,581 7,975
Royalties 8,760 2,923
Source: CANSIM table 385-0042.

Government expense per capita in 2016 are higher than in most provinces

Chart - Government expense per capita ($), 2016
Description for Chart - Government expense per capita ($), 2016
Government expense per capita ($), 2016
Province Expense per capita ($)
Quebec 15,514
Ontario 13,841
Saskatchewan 16,906
Alberta 16,666
British Columbia 12,980
Source: CANSIM table 385-0042.

Alberta spends more on labour, goods and services than other provincial governments

Alberta government spends less on interest and social benefits

Chart - Expense type per capita, Alberta compared to rest of Canada, 2016
Description for Chart - Expense type per capita, Alberta compared to rest of Canada, 2016
Expense type per capita, Alberta compared to rest of Canada, 2016
  Alberta Canada
Salaries 6,535 5,612
Goods and services 5,449 3,906
Social benefits 858 1,284
Interest 226 981
Source: CANSIM table 385-0042.

The increase in the price of labour and goods and services for government was strong in Alberta

Chart - General government final consumption expenditure, implicit price indexes (2007 = 100), 2016
Description for Chart - General government final consumption expenditure, implicit price indexes (2007 = 100), 2016
General government final consumption expenditure, implicit price indexes (2007 = 100), 2016
Province 2016 price index
Quebec 122.7
Ontario 121.0
Saskatchewan 130.0
Alberta 126.7
British Columbia 118.6
Source: CANSIM table 384-0039.

Public sector employment continues to grow

Chart - Alberta change in number of employees
Description for Chart - Alberta change in number of employees
Alberta change in number of employees
  2014 2015 2016 2017
thousands
Private 34.5 -4.5 -46.0 -1.4
Public 0.8 39.9 11.1 14.8
Source: Labour Force Survey.

Government expense by function
Canadian Classification of Functions of Government

Over half of Alberta's public expenses are for health and education - a similar proportion to other jurisdictions

Alberta expense by functions, 2016
Expense Percent
Economic affairs 14%
Social protection 10%
General public services 7%
Public order and safety 5%
Environmental protection 4%
Recreation, culture, and religion 3%
Housing and community amenities 2%
Source: CANSIM table 385-0041.
Chart - Alberta government expense by functions, 2016
Description for Chart - Alberta government expense by functions, 2016
Alberta government expense by functions, 2016
Expense Percent
Health 34%
Education 21%
Other 45%
Source: CANSIM table 385-0041.

Alberta spends more on health and education per capita than the Canadian average while paying less on social protection and general public services

Chart - Government expense by function per capita, 2016
Description for Chart - Government expense by function per capita, 2016
Government expense by function per capita, 2016
Government expense Alberta Canada
$
Health 4,944 4,475
Education 3,047 2,455
Economic affairs 2,112 1,275
Social protection 1,393 1,770
General public services 947 1,658
Public order and safety 762 723
Environmental protection 584 301
Housing and community amenities 352 239
Recreation, culture, and religion 431 349
Source: CANSIM table 385-0041.

Wages and payments to physicians are driving health expenses in Alberta

Higher per capita expense on health in Alberta

Chart - Health expense per capita ($), 2016
Description for Chart - Health expense per capita ($), 2016
Health expense per capita ($), 2016
Province Expense per capita
Quebec $4,370
Ontario $4,180
Saskatchewan $4,813
Alberta $4,944
British Columbia $4,369
Source: CANSIM table 385-0041.

Largest difference for wages and salaries

Chart - Health expense per capita by type ($), 2016
Description for Chart - Health expense per capita by type ($), 2016
Health expense per capita by type ($), 2016
  Canada Alberta
$
Use of goods and services 1,043 1,096
Compensation of employees 1,855 2,251
Source: CANSIM table 385-0035.

Did you know?

Health employment and wages continue to increase

Alberta's employment in health grew at a faster pace than Canada

Chart - Employment in healthcare and social assistance (2011 = 100)
Description for Chart - Employment in healthcare and social assistance (2011 = 100)
Employment in healthcare and social assistance (2011 = 100)
Index 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Canada 100 102 104 106 108 112
Alberta 100 104 107 111 114 120
Source: CANSIM table 281-0024.

Wages in health and social assistance are higher in Alberta

Chart - Average weekly earnings, health and social assistance
Description for Chart - Average weekly earnings, health and social assistance
Average weekly earnings, health and social assistance
Geography 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 2016
$
Quebec 648 697 715 744 793 812
Ontario 717 783 834 849 887 891
Saskatchewan 694 749 818 874 900 893
Alberta 685 758 842 900 924 944
British Columbia 716 744 776 813 840 850
Source: CANSIM table 281-0027.

Despite a younger population, health expenses and demand for services are high in Alberta

Chart - Health expense per capita and median age, 2016
Description for Chart - Health expense per capita and median age, 2016
Health expense per capita and median age, 2016
Province Median age Expense per capita ($)
Newfoundland 45 5,910
Prince Edward Island 44 4,429
Nova Scotia 45 5,108
New Brunswick 45 5,057
Quebec 42 4,371
Ontario 41 4,180
Manitoba 38 5,340
Saskatchewan 37 4,813
Alberta 36 4,944
British Columbia 42 4,369
Sources: CANSIM tables 051-0001 and 385-0041.
Chart - Acute hospital separations per 1,000 capita, 2013
Description for Chart - Acute hospital separations per 1,000 capita, 2013
Acute hospital separations per 1,000 capita, 2013
  Acute hospital separations per 1,000 capita
Alberta 105
Canada 86
Source: Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI) Discharge Abstract Database.
Chart - Alberta emergency room visits by acuity, 2013
Description for Chart - Alberta emergency room visits by acuity, 2013

Alberta emergency room visits by acuity, 2013:

  • Low Acuity: 44%
  • High Acuity: 57%

Source: Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI) Discharge Abstract Database.

Chart - Ontario emergency room visits by acuity, 2013
Description for Chart - Ontario emergency room visits by acuity, 2013

Ontario emergency room visits by acuity, 2013:

  • Low Acuity: 63%
  • High Acuity: 37%

Source: Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI) Discharge Abstract Database.

Albertans have higher health risk factors compared to British Columbians who have the best health report card in Canada

Chart - Positive health factors percent of respondents, 2016
Description for Chart - Positive health factors percent of respondents, 2016
Positive health factors percent of respondents, 2016
  Alberta British Columbia
Has a regular healthcare provider 82% 83%
Physical activity 60% 67%
Strong sense of belonging 70% 72%
Source: CANSIM table 105-0508.
Chart - Negative health factors percent of respondents, 2016
Description for Chart - Negative health factors percent of respondents, 2016
Negative health factors percent of respondents, 2016
  Alberta British Columbia
Obese 27% 22%
Daily smoker 12% 9%
Heavy drinking 19% 17%
Perceived life stress 22% 19%
Source: CANSIM table 105-0508.

Alberta Ranks 5th on the Health Report Card

Figure - Alberta Ranks 5th on the Health Report Card
Description for Figure - Alberta Ranks 5th on the Health Report Card
Alberta ranks 5th on the Health Report Card
Health indicator B.C. Ont. Que. P.E.I. Alta. N.B. N.S. Man. Sask. Nfld. Canada
Life expectancy A A B C B B C C D C B
Premature mortality A A A B B B B D D B B
Infant mortality B C C B D B C D- D- D C
Self-reported health A A+ A+ A A+ A A A+ A A A
Self-reported mental health B A A B A B B A A A A
Mortality due to cancer A B C C A C D C B D B
Mortality due to heart disease and stroke B B A C C B B B B C B
Mortality due to respiratory diseases B B B C B C C B B C B
Mortality due to diabetes C C B B B C C D D D- C
Mortality due to nervous system diseases B B B B B B B B B B B
Suicides B A B A B B B B C B B
Source: Adapted from The Conference Board of Canada, "How Canada Performs: Health", February 2012.

The majority of education expense occurs in primary and secondary education

Higher per capita expense on education in Alberta

Chart - Education expense per capita by province ($), 2016
Description for Chart - Education expense per capita by province ($), 2016
Education expense per capita by province ($), 2016
Province Education expense per capita ($)
Quebec 2,082
Ontario 2,485
Saskatchewan 3,302
Alberta 3,047
British Columbia 2,104
Source: CANSIM table 385-0041.

Large difference in primary and secondary education

Chart - Education expense per capita by education level, 2016
Description for Chart - Education expense per capita by education level, 2016
Education expense per capita by education level, 2016
  Canada Alberta
($)
Post-secondary 862 1,019
Primary and secondary 1,568 2,000
Source: CANSIM table 385-0041.

Did you know?

Employment and wages in education are on the rise

Alberta's employment in education grew at a faster pace than Canada

Chart - Employment in education (2011 = 100)
Description for Chart - Employment in education (2011 = 100)
Employment in education (2011 = 100)
  2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Alberta 100 103 107 107 111 113
Canada 100 101 104 105 106 108
Source: CANSIM table 281-0024.

Wages in educational services are higher in Alberta

Chart - Average weekly earnings ($), educational services
Description for Chart - Average weekly earnings ($), educational services
Average weekly earnings ($), educational services
  2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 2016
($)
Quebec 776 815 844 885 890 940
Ontario 832 885 986 1,043 1,037 1,066
Saskatchewan 782 843 908 997 997 1,039
Alberta 798 896 985 1,018 1,047 1,063
British Columbia 872 907 952 984 954 981
Source: CANSIM table 281-0027.

There are more primary and secondary students in Alberta

Chart - Number of students per thousand capita, 2015
Description for Chart - Number of students per thousand capita, 2015
Number of students per thousand capita, 2015
Geography Elementary-Secondary Post-secondary
Quebec 108 65
Ontario 145 58
Saskatchewan 155 50
Alberta 153 44
British Columbia 116 58
Sources: CANSIM tables 385-0041, 477-0025 and 477-0029.
Chart - Education expense per student ($), 2015
Description for Chart - Education expense per student ($), 2015
Education expense per student ($), 2015
Geography Elementary-Secondary Post-secondary
Quebec 12,648 10,512
Ontario 11,361 15,060
Saskatchewan 13,564 23,640
Alberta 12,739 22,695
British Columbia 10,303 14,560
Sources: CANSIM tables 385-0041, 477-0025 and 477-0029.

Alberta students rank among the highest in science and reading

Chart - Estimated average scores, Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), 2015
Description for Chart - Estimated average scores, Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), 2015
Estimated average scores, Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), 2015
  Mathematics Reading Science
Quebec 544 532 537
Ontario 509 527 524
Saskatchewan 484 496 496
Alberta 511 533 541
British Columbia 522 536 539
Source: CANSIM table 479-0002.

Did you know?

Men with an apprenticeship certificate in Alberta have high earnings

They earn more than men with a bachelor's degree in all other provinces

Chart - Median annual earnings ($) of men aged 25 to 64 who worked full time and full year as paid employees, by highest level of education, the provinces and Canada overall, 2015
Description for Chart - Median annual earnings ($) of men aged 25 to 64 who worked full time and full year as paid employees, by highest level of education, the provinces and Canada overall, 2015
Median annual earnings ($) of men aged 25 to 64 who worked full time and full year as paid employees, by highest level of education, the provinces and Canada overall, 2015
  High school diploma Apprenticeship certificate College diploma Bachelor's degree
Canada 55,774 72,955 67,965 82,082
Newfoundland and Labrador 50,121 73,800 71,088 83,115
Prince Edward Island 42,454 53,829 52,992 67,149
Nova Scotia 48,401 60,943 59,236 72,962
New Brunswick 45,895 58,631 57,922 74,252
Quebec 48,344 53,177 61,450 75,107
Ontario 55,216 72,135 67,576 85,645
Manitoba 53,615 73,086 65,524 76,677
Saskatchewan 62,199 86,059 78,176 84,825
Alberta 69,774 92,580 87,983 97,733
British Columbia 59,180 75,344 69,513 77,168
Note: Quebec provides vocational trades training and issues a trades certificate called DEP/DVS (Diplôme d'études professionnelles/Diploma of vocational studies) offered at the high school level.
Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population.

Alberta spends less on social protection

Low expense on social protection

Chart - Per capita expenditure on social protection, 2016
Description for Chart - Per capita expenditure on social protection, 2016
Per capita expenditure on social protection, 2016
Geography Per capita expenditure
Quebec $2,140
Ontario $1,771
Saskatchewan $2,334
Alberta $1,393
British Columbia $1,361
Source: CANSIM table 385-0041.

Alberta households depend less on government transfers

Chart - Government transfers as a share of household income, 2015
Description for Chart - Government transfers as a share of household income, 2015
Government transfers as a share of household income, 2015
Geography Government transfers (%)
Quebec 15.6
Ontario 11.1
Saskatchewan 10.5
Alberta 6.7
British Columbia 11.1
Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population.

Alberta spends less on general public services

Low expense on general public services largely due to lower interest expense

Chart - Per capita expenditures on general public services, 2016
Description for Chart - Per capita expenditures on general public services, 2016
Per capita expenditures on general public services, 2016
Geography Per capita expenditures
Quebec $2,421
Ontario $1,103
Saskatchewan $1,366
Alberta $1,003
British Columbia $1,136
Source: CANSIM table 385-0042.
Chart - Interest expense per capita, 2016
Description for Chart - Interest expense per capita, 2016
Interest expense per capita, 2016
Geography Interest expense per capita
Newfoundland and Labrador $1,495
Prince Edward Island $997
Nova Scotia $1,019
New Brunswick $1,143
Quebec $1,642
Ontario $929
Manitoba $1,278
Saskatchewan $602
Alberta $226
British Columbia $584
Source: CANSIM table 385-0042.

Did you know?

Alberta spends more on environmental protection

Exceptionally high expense in 2016 due to Alberta's Climate Leadership Plan (CLP)

Chart - Expense per capita on environmental protection, 2016
Description for Chart - Expense per capita on environmental protection, 2016
Expense per capita on environmental protection, 2016
Geography Expense per capita
Quebec $201
Ontario $297
Saskatchewan $293
Alberta $584
British Columbia $251
Source: CANSIM table 385-0041.

Alberta spends more on other environment functions

Chart - Expense per capita on environment-related functions, 2016
Description for Chart - Expense per capita on environment-related functions, 2016
Expense per capita on environment-related functions, 2016
  Protection of biodiversity and landscape Pollution abatement Waste water management Waste management
Alberta $12 $301 $133 $109
Canada $28 $54 $98 $92
Source: CANSIM table 153-0053.

Did you know?

Opportunities

Examples of our partnerships with Alberta

Service Alberta
Driver's licenses, land registry data

Alberta Advanced Education
Pathways through the education system

Alberta Treasury and Finance
Quarterly provincial general ledger files, energy use data

Alberta Municipal Affairs
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Alberta Health
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