Police-reported crime in Canada, 2022

Release date: July 27, 2023
Infographic: Police-reported crime in Canada, 2022
Description: Police-reported crime in Canada, 2022

The Crime Severity Index (CSI)Note 1 increased for the second consecutive year, up 4% in 2022. The Violent CSI rose in 2022, reaching its highest point since 2007. The Non-violent CSI also increased, but remained lower than before the start of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Table 1
Table summary
This table displays the results of Table 1. The information is grouped by Year (appearing as row headers), Crime Severity Index, Violent Crime Severity Index and Non-violent Crime Severity Index (appearing as column headers).
Year Crime Severity IndexTable 1 Note 1 Violent Crime Severity IndexTable 1 Note 1 Non-violent Crime Severity IndexTable 1 Note 1
2006 *Index base year 100 100 100
2007 95.3 97.8 94.3
2008 90.6 95.1 88.9
2009 87.8 94.3 85.3
2010 82.9 89.2 80.5
2011 77.6 85.7 74.5
2012 75.5 82 73
2013 68.9 74 66.9
2014 66.9 70.7 65.4
2015 70.4 75.3 68.4
2016 72 76.9 70.1
2017 73.6 81.3 70.7
2018 75.6 83.6 72.6
2019 79.8 90.3 75.8
2020 74 88 68.7
2021 74.9 93.4 68.1
2022 78.1 97.7 70.9

In 2022, the CSI rose across most of Canada


Table 2
Table summary
This table displays the results of Table 2. The information is grouped by Province or territory (appearing as row headers), CSI value, 2022 and Percentage change in CSI, 2021 to 2022 (appearing as column headers).
Province or territory CSI value, 2022 Percentage change in CSI, 2021 to 2022
Newfoundland and Labrador 82.2 +6%
Prince Edward Island 59.3 +6%
Nova Scotia 74.7 +3%
New Brunswick 86.2 -2%
Quebec 59.7 +6%
Ontario 58.5 +4%
Manitoba 146.5 +14%
Saskatchewan 152.5 +3%
Alberta 103.2 +2%
British Columbia 100.4 +4%
Yukon 207.6 -5%
Northwest Territories 436.8 +8%
Nunavut 379.7 -4%
Canada 78.1 +4%

Many property-related crimes drove the increase in the CSI throughout Canada, including:


Table 3
Table summary
This table displays the results of Table 3. The information is grouped by Type of offence (appearing as row headers), Rate (appearing as column headers).
Type of offence Rate
Motor vehicle theft Rate +24%
Robbery Rate +15%
Breaking and entering Rate +4%
Theft $5,000 or under Rate +10%
Shoplifting $5,000 or under Rate +31%
General fraud Rate +7%

3,576 hate crime incidents

  • The number of police-reported hate crimes increased 7% to 3,576 incidents in 2022. Hate crimes targeting a race or ethnicity and a sexual orientation were up, while those targeting a religion were down.

In 2022, there were 874 victims of homicide in Canada, 78 more than in 2021.

Gang-related 23%: Gang-related homicides continued to account for about one-quarter of all homicides; 82% of these were committed with a firearm, most often a handgun.

Spouse or intimate partner, women (49%) versus men (4%): The proportion of women who were killed by their spouse or intimate partner was approximately 11 times higher than the proportion of men.Note 2

Five largest increases and decreases in the CSI by census metropolitan area (CMA)


Table 4
Table summary
This table displays the results of Table 4. The information is grouped by Census metropolitan area (appearing as row headers), Percentage change in CSI, 2021 to 2022 (appearing as column headers).
Census metropolitan area Percentage change in CSI, 2021 to 2022
Top 5 increases by CMA
Gatineau +20%
Winnipeg +20%
St. John’s +19%
Toronto +14%
Ottawa +10%
Top 5 decreases by CMA
Windsor -11%
St. Catharines-Niagara -9%
Lethbridge -8%
London -8%
Moncton -6%

Increases in breaking and entering, robbery and other types of theft drove the relatively large increases in some CMAs.

Source: Statistics Canada, Canadian Centre for Justice and Community Safety Statistics, Uniform Crime Reporting Survey, 2022.

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