Police-reported hate crime in Canada, 2019

Release date: March 29, 2021
Infographic: Police-reported hate crime in Canada, 2019
Description: Police-reported hate crime in Canada, 2019

Police-reported hate crime in Canada, 2019

The number of police-reported hate crimes increased 7% in 2019. This increase was mostly due to more incidents targeting race or ethnicity, as well as sexual orientation.


Table 1
Table summary
This table displays the results of Table 1. The information is grouped by Police-reported hate crimes (appearing as row headers), (appearing as column headers).
Police-reported hate crimes
Year Number
2009 1,482
2010 1,401
2011 1,332
2012 1,414
2013 1,167
2014 1,295
2015 1,362
2016 1,409
2017 2,073
2018 1,817
2019 1,946

In 2019, 46% of all police-reported hate crimes were motivated by race or ethnicity.


Table 2
Table summary
This table displays the results of Table 2. The information is grouped by Race/ethnicity (appearing as row headers), 2018, 2019 and Percentage change , calculated using number units of measure (appearing as column headers).
Race/ethnicity 2018 2019 Percentage change 
number
Black 295 335 +14
East or Southeast Asian 60 68 +13
South Asian 84 80 -5
Arab or West Asian 93 128 +38
Indigenous 39 30 -23
White 42 49 +17
OtherTable 2 Note 1 163 150 -8
Not specified 17 36 +112
Total 793 876 +10

 In 2019, 32% of hate crimes were motivated by religion.


Table 3
Table summary
This table displays the results of Table 3. The information is grouped by Religion (appearing as row headers), 2018, 2019 and Percentage change , calculated using number units of measure (appearing as column headers).
Religion 2018 2019 Percentage change 
number
Jewish 372 296 -20
Muslim 166 181 +9
Catholic 44 52 +18
OtherTable 3 Note 1 52 60 +15
Not specified 23 19 -17
Total 657 608 -7

In 2019, 14% of hate crimes were motivated by sexual orientation.


Table 4
Table summary
This table displays the results of Table 4. The information is grouped by Motivation (appearing as row headers), 2018, 2019  and Percentage change , calculated using number units of measure (appearing as column headers).
Motivation 2018 2019 Percentage change 
number
Sexual orientation 186 263 +41
Sex or gender 54 53 -2
OtherTable 4 Note 1 105 99 -6

In 2019, almost all provinces and all territories reported increases.


Table 5
Table summary
This table displays the results of Table 5. The information is grouped by Province or territory (appearing as row headers), Number of hate crimes, 2019 and Change in number of hate crimes, 2018 to 2019 (appearing as column headers).
Province or territory Number of hate crimes, 2019 Change in number of hate crimes, 2018 to 2019
Canada 1,946 +129
Newfoundland and Labrador 6 +4
Prince Edward Island 7 +5
Nova Scotia 32 0
New Brunswick 33 +18
Quebec 402 +23
Ontario 850 +43
Manitoba 56 +14
Saskatchewan 32 +2
Alberta 207 -38
British Columbia 308 +49
Yukon 2 +1
Northwest Territories 6 +5
Nunavut 5 +3

The majority of police-reported hate crimes were non-violent offences.


Table 6
Table summary
This table displays the results of Table 6. The information is grouped by Type of crime (appearing as row headers), Percentage (appearing as column headers).
Type of crime Percentage
Non-violent offences 56
All mischief 45
Other non-violent offences 11
Violent offences 44
Common assault (level 1) 15
Uttering threats 15
Other violent offences 14

Note: Hate crimes whose type was unknown have been excluded. Therefore, the totals for each type of hate crime shown will not add up to the overall total for 2018 and 2019.

Source: Statistics Canada, Canadian Centre for Justice and Community Safety Statistics, Uniform Crime Reporting Survey.

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