Mobility, earnings and pathways of journeypersons in Canada

Release date: March 16, 2020
Infographic: Mobility, earnings and pathways of journeypersons in Canada
Description: Mobility, earnings and pathways of journeypersons in Canada

Mobility, earnings and pathways of journeypersons in Canada


Interprovincial mobility plays an important role in the career paths of some newly certified journeypersons
This table displays the results of Table 1. The information is grouped by Year (appearing as row headers), Percent (appearing as column headers).
Year Percent
2009 3.2%
2010 3.8%
2011 3.5%
2012 4.7%
2013 5.1%
2014 5.3%
2015 4.2%
2016 3.4%
2017 3.4%

Alberta received the largest number of journeypersons annually from 2009 to 2017.

In 2017, one year after certification, 3.7% of all journeypersons moved to another province or territory to live and work. This population is referred to as the “migrant population of journeypersons”.

Trades with the highest rates of migration:

  • Steamfitter–pipefitter 12.8%
  • Welder 8.4%
  • Heavy Duty Equipment Technician 7.0%

Note: Among the Red Seal top 10

Trades with the lowest rates of migration:

  • Carpenter 2.5%
  • Hairstylist 2.5%
  • Automotive Service Technician 2.4%

Note: Among the Red Seal top 10

Red Seal Trades

The Interprovincial Standards Red Seal Program is the Canadian standard for skilled trades and allows tradespeople to have their skills recognized across the country.


Among the top 10 Red Seal trades, heavy duty equipment technicians had the highest income and hairstylists the lowest
Table summary
This table displays the results of Table 2 Highest income and Lowest income (appearing as column headers).
Highest income Lowest income
Heavy duty equipment technician $99,300 Note ...: not applicable
Hairstylist Note ...: not applicable $25,500

Certification and discontinuation rates varied across apprenticeship programs
Table summary
This table displays the results of Table 3 Highest rates and Lowest rates (appearing as column headers).
Highest rates Lowest rates
Certification rate Industrial mechanic 50.3% Carpenter 31.4%
Construction electrician 49.9% Cook 32.1%
Hairstylist 47.4% Automotive service technician 39.5%
Discontinuation rate Cook 51.4% Hairstylist 14.5%
Carpenter 50.1% Construction electrician 30.8%
Automotive service technician 46.8% Industrial mechanic 36.2%

Source: Registered Apprenticeship Information System.

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