Household food insecurity in Canada, 2017/2018

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Release date: June 24, 2020
Infographic: Household food insecurity in Canada, 2017/2018
Description: Household food insecurity in Canada, 2017/2018

Household food insecurity in Canada, 2017/2018


Household food insecurity exists when there is a compromise in the quality or quantity of food consumed (moderate food insecurity) or there is reduced food intake and disrupted eating patterns (severe food insecurity).

1.2 million of 14.3 million households experienced food insecurity

  • Food insecurity: 1.2 million households
  • Moderate food insecurity: 820,000 households
  • Severe food insecurity: 430,000 households

One in four single-mother households experienced moderate or severe food insecurity

  • Female lone-parent families: 25%
  • Male lone-parent families: 16%
  • Couples with children: 7%

Compared with the national average (8.8%), moderate or severe food insecurity was highest in Nunavut


Table 1
Table summary
This table displays the results of Table 1. The information is grouped by Province or Territory (appearing as row headers), Percentage and Compared to the national average (appearing as column headers).
Province or Territory Percentage Compared to the national average
Canada 8.8% Note ...: not applicable
Newfoundland and Labrador 10.0% Similar
Prince Edward Island 9.9% Similar
Nova Scotia 10.9% Higher
New Brunswick 8.9% Similar
Quebec 7.4% Lower
Ontario 9.0% Similar
Manitoba 10.2% Higher
Saskatchewan 9.3% Similar
Alberta 9.2% Similar
British Columbia 8.7% Similar
Yukon 12.6% Higher
Northwest Territories 15.9% Higher
Nunavut 49.4% Higher

Households that rented their home were five times more likely to experience moderate or severe food insecurity than households that owned their home

4% owned, 19% rented

One in five households that relied on government benefits as their main source of income were moderately or severely food insecure

Source: Canadian Community Health Survey – Annual Component, 2017/2018.

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