Men and women in the Canadian Armed Forces, 2019

Release date: December 4, 2019 Correction date: December 4, 2019

Correction Notice

The percentage of CAF members who are in the Air and Land service elements was corrected to 27% and 57% from 33% and 51% in both English and French versions.

Infographic: Men and women in the Canadian Armed Forces, 2019
Description: Men and women in the Canadian Armed Forces, 2019

Men and women in the Canadian Armed Forces, 2019

1 in 7 Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) members are women and just over half of CAF members serve in the land element.

Service element, by sex, by total CAF members
  Men Women Total CAF members
Air 83% 17% 27%
Land 87% 13% 57%
Sea 81% 19% 16%

Women are more likely to be officers than men, men are more likely to be senior non-commissioned members than women.

Rank, by sex
  Men Women
Junior non-commissioned member 45% 45%
Senior non-commissioned member 25% 22%
Officer (junior and senior) 30% 33%

Women in the CAF were more likely than men to report high levels of life stress

Proportion of CAF members who reported that most days were "quite a bit" or "extremely" stressful

  • Men: 22%
  • Women: 28%

About 2 in 3 men and women stated that, in the past 12 months, they were satisfied or very satisfied with their job or main activity in the CAF. Those who are 50 years or older were more likely to report high job satisfaction.

High job satisfaction, by age group
Age group Percentage
17 to 29 60%
30 to 39 62%
40 to 49 68%
50 and older 77%
Total 65%

Women were more likely than men to have joint pain or a repetitive strain injury. Men were more likely than women to have hearing problems.

Leading physical health conditions reported, by sex
  Men Women
Back problems 28% 26%
Repetitive strain injury (in the past 12 months) 28% 32%
Serious acute injury (in the past 12 months) 22% 22%
Joint pain (in the past 3 months) 59% 61%
Hearing problems (even if using a hearing aid) 20% 9%

Unless otherwise noted, conditions are expected to last or have already lasted 6 months or more and have been diagnosed by a health professional

Source: Canadian Armed Forces Health Survey (CAFHS), 2019.

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