Police personnel and expenditures in Canada, 2018

Release date: October 3, 2019

Infographic: Police personnel and expenditures in Canada, 2018
Description: Police personnel and expenditures in Canada, 2018

Police personnel and expenditures in Canada, 2018

As of May 15, 2018, there were 68,562 police officers in Canada, 463 fewer than in 2017. This represents a rate of police strength of 185 officers per 100,000 population, and marks a decline of 2% from the previous year. Footnote1

Change in rate of police strength from 2017
Province or territory Number of police officers Rate of police officers per 100,000 population, 2018 Change in rate from 2017
Newfoundland & Labrador 900 171 -1%
Prince Edward Island 216 141 -4%
Nova Scotia 1,860 194 1%
New Brunswick 1,229 160 -1%
Quebec 15,884 189 -1%
Ontario 25,327 177 -4%
Manitoba 2,552 189 -2%
Saskatchewan 2,167 186 -8%
Alberta 7,510 174 -1%
British Columbia 9,246 185 2%
Yukon 132 326 1%
Northwest Territories 186 416 2%
Nunavut 136 354 -1%

Police services across Canada in 2018

  • First Nations self-administered police services: 36
  • Municipal stand-alone police services: 141
  • Royal Newfoundland Constabulary (RNC) detachments: 3
  • Ontario Provincial Police (OPP) detachments: 180
  • Sûreté du Québec (SQ) detachments: 87
  • Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) detachments: 675

Calls for service

Across Canada, police services received 12.8 million calls for service.

Police personnel

  • Police officers: 69%
  • Civilians: 27%
  • Special constables: 3%
  • Recruits: 2%

Women in policing

  • Percent of police officers: 78% male; 22% female
  • There were 196 more female police officers than in 2017
  • 15% of commissioned officers and 19% of non-commissioned officers are female
  • Women accounted for 71% of civilian positions in police services
  • 36% of special constables and 24% of recruits are female

8% of all police officers in Canada self-identified as belonging to a visible minority group.

4% of all police officers in Canada self-identified as Indigenous.

Police operating expenditures

Operating expenditures for policing reached $15.1 billion, up 3% from 2017.

Police operating expenditures (billions of dollars)
  Salaries, wages and benefits (billions of dollars) Operating expenditures (billions of dollars)
Police operating expenditures 12.4 2.7

Police operating and capital expenditures

Police services across Canada spent $380.0 million on Information Technology (IT) operations and $284.2 million on police equipment:

  • Radios: $193.0 million
  • Software, applications and computer systems: $146.7 million
  • Other telecommunication devices: $85.4 million
  • Computers and hardware: $77.7 million

The average police officer salary in 2018 was just over $99,000.

Note: Data on police personnel, women in policing, visible minority, Indigenous people are based on a "snapshot date" of May 15, 2018, while the other data on this infographic represent the calendar year ending December 31, 2017 (or March 31, 2018 as some police services operate on a fiscal year basis). Percentages may not add up due to rounding.

Definitions for the different police personnel and police services used in this infographic, can be found on the Juristat article.

Source: Statistics Canada, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Police Administration Survey, 2018 "Police resources in Canada, 2018". Juristat. Statistics Canada Catalogue no 85-002-X

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