Canada's Official Poverty Dashboard

Release date: July 18, 2019
Infographic: Canada's Official Poverty Dashboard
Description: Canada's Official Poverty Dashboard

Canada's Official Poverty Dashboard

Canada's Official Poverty Rate
Year Rate
2015 12.1
2016 10.6
2017 9.5

The Official Poverty Line for Canada, along with the Dashboard of 12 Indicators to track progress on poverty reduction for Canadians and their households.

Dashboard of 12 Indicators
Indicator Most Recent Value Previous Value Trend Percentage Change Reference Periods
Dignity
Deep Poverty
(Persons with income below 75% of Canada's Official Poverty Line)
5.1% 5.4% Down -5.6% 2016 to 2017
Unmet Housing Needs and Chronic Homelessness
(Unmet housing needs)
12.7% 12.5% Up 1.6% 2011 to 2016
Unmet Health Needs
(Persons 12 years and older reporting not receiving health care when they felt they needed it.)
11.2% 12.5% Down -10.4% (2000-01) to 2014
Food Security
(Households reporting Food Insecurity.)
8.3% 7.7% Up 7.8% (2007-08) to (2011-12)
Opportunity and Inclusion
Relative Low Income
(Persons who had less than half the median after-tax income.)
12.7% 13.0% Down -2.3% 2016 to 2017
Bottom 40 Percent Income Share
(Percentage of total after-tax income that went to those in the bottom 40% of the income distribution.)
20.4% 20.6% Down -1.0% 2016 to 2017
Youth Engagement
(Persons aged 15-24 who were not in employment, education or training.)
9.0% 10.2% Down -11.8% 2015 to 2016
Literacy and Numeracy - Low Literacy (15 year olds) 10.7% 10.9% Down -1.8% 2012 to 2015
Literacy and Numeracy - Low Numeracy (15 year olds) 14.4% 13.8% Up 4.3% 2012 to 2015
Resilience and Security
Median Hourly Wage - All $23.08 $23.14 Down -0.3% 2017 to 2018
Median Hourly Wage - Women $21.50 $21.48 Up 0.1% 2017 to 2018
Median Hourly Wage - Men $25.00 $25.48 Down -1.9% 2017 to 2018
Average Poverty Gap
(Canadians who lived in families with incomes below Canada's Official Poverty Line.)
35.1% 34.1% Up 2.9% 2016 to 2017
Asset Resilience
(Persons who had enough savings to maintain well-being for three months.)
51.2% 46.2% Down 10.8% 2005 to 2012
Poverty Entry and Exit Rates - Entry Rates (All Canadians) 3.9% 4.1% Down -4.9% (2014-15) to (2015-16 )
Poverty Entry and Exit Rates - Exit Rates (Low-income Canadians) 27.6% 27.5% Up 0.4% (2014-15) to (2015-16 )

As new data are made available, Canada's Official Poverty Dashboard will be updated.

Note: The concepts and dimensions of poverty are defined in further detail in Opportunity for All – Canada's First Poverty Reduction Strategy, available for download at canada.ca/publicentre-ESDC.

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