Temporary employment in Canada, 2018

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Release date: May 14, 2019
Temporary employment in Canada, 2018
Description: Temporary employment in Canada, 2018

Temporary employment in Canada, 2018

More than half of temporary employees had a term or contract job

Proportion of temporary employees by job type
  1998 2018
Seasonal job 24% 20%
Term or contract job 46% 53%
Casual job 27% 26%
Note: Proportions will not sum to 100 because the "other temporary job" category is not presented.

In three industries, over one-quarter of employees were temporary

Proportion of temporary employees by industry
  Proportion of temporary employees Men Women
Agriculture 27% 60% 40%
Information, culture and recreation 26% 50% 50%
Educational services 26% 32% 68%
Business, building and other support services 21% 61% 39%
Accommodation and food services 17% 43% 57%
Construction 16% 92% 8%
Public administration 13% 44% 56%
Health care and social assistance 13% 18% 82%
Natural resources 13% 83% 17%
Other services (except public administration) 11% 38% 61%
  • More than 1 in 8 employees (13.3% or 2.1 million) worked in a temporary job.
  • Among temporary employees, women (10%) were more likely to have more than one job than men (6%).
  • Temporary employees earned $21.80 per hour on average, while permanent employees made $27.71 an hour.
  • About 6 out of 10 temporary employees worked full time, compared with close to 9 in 10 permanent employees.

In 2018, Newfoundland and Labrador had the highest proportion of temporary employees

20-year change in proportion of temporary employees by geography
  2018 (proportion of temporary employees) 20-year change in the proportion of temporary employees, percentage points
Newfoundland and Labrador 23% -1.6
Prince Edward Island 21% -6.2
Nova Scotia 16% -1.1
New Brunswick 17% -1.7
Quebec 13% -0.1
Ontario 13% 3.1
Manitoba 12% 0.1
Saskatchewan 13% -0.7
Alberta 13% 2.0
British Columbia 13% 2.4

From 1998 to 2018, the proportion of temporary employees rose by 1.5 percentage points in Canada.

Sources: Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey, tables 14-10-0072-01, 14-10-0066-01 and custom tabulations.

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