Infographic: Police-reported hate crime in Canada, 2017

Release date: November 29, 2018
Infographic: Infographic: Police-reported hate crime in Canada, 2017
Description: Infographic: Police-reported hate crime in Canada, 2017

Infographic: Police-reported hate crime in Canada, 2017

The number of police-reported hate crimes in 2017 was 47% higher than in 2016, marking the fourth annual consecutive increase. This was the result of increases in the number of hate crimes committed against the Muslim, Jewish, and Black populations.

Number of police-reported hate crimes by year
Year Total
2009 1,482
2010 1,401
2011 1,332
2012 1,414
2013 1,167
2014 1,295
2015 1,362
2016 1,409
2017 2,073

In 2017, 43% of all police-reported hate crime was motivated by race/ethnicity.

Police-reported hate crime motivated by race/ethnicity
  Number of incidents, 2016 Number of incidents, 2017 Percent change
Black 214 321 50
East or Southeast Asian 61 61 0
South Asian 72 67 -7
Arab or West Asian 112 142 27
Aboriginal 30 31 3
White 36 46 28
OtherTable 2 footnote 1 125 169 35
Race not specified 16 41 156
Total 666 878 32
Table 2 footnote 1

Motivations based upon race or ethnicity not otherwise stated and those which target more than one group.

Return to Table 2 footnote1 referrer

In 2017, 41% of hate crime was motivated by religion.

Police-reported hate crime motivated by religion
  Number of incidents, 2016 Number of incidents, 2017 Percent change
Jewish 221 360 63
Muslim 139 349 151
Catholic 27 39 44
OtherTable 3 footnote 1 37 57 54
Religion not specified 36 37 3
Total 460 842 83
Table 3 footnote 1

Motivations based upon religions not otherwise stated.

Return to Table 3 footnote1 referrer

In 2017, 10% of hate crimes was motivated by sexual orientation.

Police-reported hate crime motivated by sexual orientation
  Number of incidents, 2016 Number of incidents, 2017 Percent change
Sexual orientation 176 204 +16
OtherTable 4 footnote 1 88 117 +33
Table 4 footnote 1

Includes mental or physical disability, language, sex and other similar factors.

Return to Table 3 footnote1 referrer

In 2017, the national trend was driven by increases in Ontario and Quebec.

Number of hate crimes by province or territory
Province or territory Number of hate crimes, 2017 Change in number of hate crimes, 2016 to 2017
Canada 2073 +664
Newfoundland and Labrador 2 0
Prince Edward Island 1 -2
Nova Scotia 21 0
New Brunswick 22 +4
Quebec 489 +162
Ontario 1023 +411
Manitoba 36 0
Saskatchewan 20 -9
Alberta 192 +53
British Columbia 255 +44
Yukon 3 +1
Northwest Territories 5 +5
Nunavut 4 -5

The majority of police-reported hate crimes were property offences.

Police-reported hate crimes by type of crime
Type of crime Percent
Mischief 49
Uttering threats 14
Common assault (level 1) 10
Public incitement of hatred and advocating genocide 6
Other non-violent offences 6
Other violent offences 5

Note: Hate crimes where the type was unknown have been excluded. Therefore, the totals for each hate crime type shown will not add up to the overall total for 2016 and 2017.

Source: Statistics Canada, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Uniform Crime Reporting Survey. "Police-reported hate crime in Canada, 2017." The Daily.

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