The Changing Characteristics of Canadian Jobs

Release date: November 30, 2018
The Changing Characteristics of Canadian Jobs
The Changing Characteristics of Canadian Jobs

The Changing Characteristics of Canadian Jobs

While jobs can be defined along several dimensions, some of these characteristics have been measured consistently for many years. These include industry, pension coverage, whether jobs are full-time and permanent, and whether they are unionized. Over the past four decades, several of these job characteristics have changed significantly. These changes have not been uniform for men and women.

RPP coverage, 1981 and 2016Footnote 1

Percentage of employees with a registered pension plan
  1981 2016
Men 51.4% 35.6%
Women 34.8% 39.5%

Full-time permanent jobs, 1989 and 2018Footnote 2

Percentage of employees aged 17 to 64 with jobs that are both full-time and permanent
  1989 2018
Men 87.7% 80.8%
Women 70.6% 69.5%

Unionization, 1981 and 2018Footnote 3

Percentage of employees aged 17 to 64 who are union members
  1981 2018
Men 42.1% 26.0%
Women 31.4% 30.7%

Employment outside the commercial sector, 1981 and 2018Footnote 4

Percentage of employees aged 17 to 64 who work in public administration, educational services, health care and social assistance
  1981 2018
Men 17.0% 14.9%
Women 32.6% 40.2%
     
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