Police-reported crime in Canada, 2017

Release date: July 23, 2018
Infographic: Police-reported crime in Canada, 2017
Description: Police-reported crime in Canada, 2017

Police-reported crime in Canada, 2017

Canada's crime rate:
Number of Criminal Code incidents (excluding traffic) per 100,000 population — 5,334

The Crime Severity Index (CSI)Footnote 1 was 2% higher than in 2017, marking the third consecutive increase after 11 years of declines. The rise in Canada's CSI in 2017 was the result of increases in numerous offences, most notably, sexual assault (level 1), possession of stolen property, motor vehicle theft, and homicide.

Canada's Crime Severity Index from 2004 to 2017
Year CSI
2004 104.1
2005 101.3
2006 100.0
2007 95.3
2008 90.6
2009 87.8
2010 82.9
2011 77.6
2012 75.4
2013 68.8
2014 66.7
2015 70.1
2016 71.7
2017 72.9

Among Census Metropolitan Areas (CMAs), the five largest increases and decreases in the CSI were as follows:

Top five increases in the CSI
CMA Change in CSI, 2016 to 2017
Greater Sudbury +25%
Moncton +15%
Guelph +15%
Kitchener-Cambridge-Waterloo +14%
St. Catharines-Niagara +12%
Top five decreases in the CSI
CMA Change in CSI, 2016 to 2017
St. John's -15%
Regina -11%
Vancouver -6%
Peterborough -3%
Victoria -3%
In 2017, nine provinces and territories reported higher CSIs and four reported declines
Province or territory CSI value Change in CSI, 2016 to 2017
Newfoundland and Labrador 63.0 -9%
Prince Edward Island 44.9 -7%
Nova Scotia 65.9 +6%
New Brunswick 69.0 +11%
Quebec 57.1 +2%
Ontario 55.4 +5%
Manitoba 118.1 +3%
Saskatchewan 140.5 -6%
Alberta 110.1 +5%
British Columbia 88.9 -5%
Yukon 189.3 +1%
Northwest Territories 303.8 +2%
Nunavut 297.6 +1%
Year-over-year percent change for selected offences
Type of offence Rate Percentage change in rate from 2016-2017
Theft under $5,000 1,375 0%
Breaking and entering 434 -2%
Physical assault 630 +1%
Sexual assault 67 +13%
Robbery 62 +2%
Homicide 2 +7%
Cannabis offence 131 -15%
Non-cannabis drug offences 116 +3%

-15% — Prior to legalization, cannabis offences declined for the 6th year in a row

+13% — In a year of discussion around sexual misconduct,  the police-reported rate of sexual assault increased

Source: Statistics Canada Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Uniform Crime Reporting Survey. "Police-reported crime statistics in Canada, 2017." Juristat. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 85-002-X.

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