Infographic: Population estimates, Canada, 2015

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Release date: September 29, 2015
Infographic: Population estimates, Canada, 2015
Description for Infographic: Population estimates, Canada, 2015

Source: Annual Demographic Estimates: Canada, Provinces and Territories, 2015

The population is estimated on July 1 to: 35,852,000

  • +0.9% over the last year

What are the factors explaining this growth?

  • Natural increase – 39.2% (120,700)
  • International migration – 60.8% (187,400)

The international migration is the main driver of the population growth in the country.

Table 1 - Population by province More than four out of five Canadians live in four provinces.
Province Population
Ontario 13.8 million
Quebec 8.3 million
British Columbia 4.7 million
Alberta 4.2 million
Manitoba 1.3 million
Saskatchewan 1.1 million
Nova Scotia 943,000
New Brunswick 754,000
Newfoundland and Labrador 528,000
Prince Edward Island 146,000
Northwest Territoires 44,000
Nunavut 37,000
Yukon 37,000

Persons 65 years and older now outnumber children aged 0 to 14 years.

Table 2 - Proportion of population - 1995
Proportion of population %
Aged 0 to 14 years 20.4
Aged 65 years and older 12.0
Table 3 - Proportion of population - 2005
Proportion of population %
Aged 0 to 14 years 17.7
Aged 65 years and older 13.0
Table 4 - Proportion of population - 2015
Proportion of population %
Aged 0 to 14 years 16.0
Aged 65 years and older 16.1

Slowdown of population growth, especially in Alberta.

Table 5 - Slowdown of population growth
  2013/2014 2014/2015
Canada 1.1 0.9
Newfoundland and Labrador 0.2 -0.2
Prince Edward Island 0.5 0.2
Nova Scotia -0.1 0.1
New Brunswick -0.2 -0.1
Quebec 0.7 0.6
Ontario 0.9 0.8
Manitoba 1.2 1.0
Saskatchewan 1.5 1.0
Alberta 2.8 1.8
British Columbia 1.2 1.0
Yukon 1.5 1.2
Northwest Territoires 0.2 0.2
Nunavut 1.8 2.3

The most important interprovincial migration flows in the last year involve Alberta.

Indicates the absolute number, (in 1,000's) of interprovincial in-migrants and out-migrants. The most important flows (top 20%) are shown.

Table 6 - Annual estimates of interprovincial migration by origin and destination for provinces and territories in Canada – July 1 2014 to June 30, 2015
(in thousands)
Origin Destination
N.L. P.E.I. N.S. N.B. Que. Ont. Man. Sask. Alta. B.C. Y.T. N.W.T. Nvt.
N.L. . 196 1,436 446 257 2,020 122 144 3,315 503 9 37 125
P.E.I. 142 . 615 295 107 786 29 44 1,097 286 0 44 0
N.S. 793 343 . 1,802 618 5,104 250 437 5,017 1,412 100 250 163
N.B. 274 322 2,286 . 1,276 3,436 134 320 3,520 725 32 122 47
Que. 200 95 739 1,484 . 17,684 423 623 7,151 3,366 153 105 118
Ont. 1,896 738 4,957 2,817 10,595 . 3,521 3,511 26,013 15,207 412 440 383
Man. 186 25 305 168 379 4,396 . 2,118 6,054 4,014 36 77 67
Sask. 112 24 396 205 287 3,041 1,620 . 9,727 4,307 30 70 90
Alta. 2,895 345 2,609 1,833 1,881 13,091 2,141 6,823 . 24,523 251 402 110
B.C. 418 91 1,270 506 1,816 11,335 1,649 2,469 22,472 . 435 361 148
Y.T. 34 8 56 10 86 129 67 117 397 628 . 6 7
N.W.T. 124 0 232 52 21 340 70 99 949 299 159 . 132
Nvt. 138 15 102 76 162 365 40 4 113 113 18 111 .
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