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Heating equipment and fuel
- Furnaces were the most common type of heating system used by Canadian households (56%).
- Electric baseboard systems were most prevalent in Quebec (61%).
- Boilers were used by half of the households in Prince Edward Island (51%).
- Natural gas was used in almost half (47%) of households in Canada, primarily by those in Alberta (88%), Saskatchewan (80%), Ontario (68%), Manitoba (56%) and British Columbia (56%).
- Electricity was the second most common fuel source (37%) used by Canadian households.
- Electricity was most frequently reported by households in Quebec (77%), Newfoundland and Labrador (61%) and New Brunswick (59%).
- Heating oil was used most frequently by households in Prince Edward Island (68%) and Nova Scotia (55%).
Energy consumption 1
- Canadian households used almost 1.4 million terajoules (TJ) of energy in 2007.
- An average household's energy consumption in 2007 was 106 gigajoules (GJ).
- Households in Alberta (129 GJ) and Saskatchewan (126 GJ) had the highest average energy consumption.
- Households in Quebec (94 GJ) and British Columbia (98 GJ) had the lowest average energy consumption.
Characteristics of households and dwellings
- Average household energy consumption was lower for apartment dwellers (44 GJ) than those in single-family dwellings (137 GJ).
- Households that rented their dwelling used less (56 GJ) energy than households that owned their dwelling (126 GJ).
- Energy use increased with income.
Energy-saving and retrofitting practices
- The most common practice was closing drapes or blinds during the day (85%).
- One-third of households used five or more energy-saving compact fluorescent lights (CFLs).
- Programmable thermostats were more common in dwellings with larger heated areas.
- Between 2003 and 2007, 50% of households that owned their dwelling and were not in apartments made at least one improvement to their dwelling intended to reduce energy consumption.
- Households in Prince Edward Island (60%), Ontario (58%) and Manitoba (55%) were most likely to have made at least one retrofitting improvement.
- Dwellings built before 1996 were much more likely to have been retrofitted compared to newer dwellings.
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