Table 24.1 Population, by province and territory, selected years, 1861 to 2011
Table summary
This table displays the results of table 24.1 population 1861, 1871, 1881, 1891, 1901, 1911, 1921, 1931, 1941, 1951, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2001 and 2011, calculated using number units of measure (appearing as column headers).
  1861 1871 1881 1891 1901 1911 1921 1931 1941 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001 2011
  number
CanadaNote 1 3,229,633 3,689,257 4,324,810 4,833,239 5,371,315 7,206,643 8,787,949Note 2 10,376,786 11,506,655 14,009,429 18,238,247 21,962,032 24,819,915 28,037,420 31,019,020 34,482,779
Newfoundland and LabradorNote 1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 361,416 457,853 530,854 575,302 579,644 522,033 510,578
Prince Edward Island 80,857 94,021 108,891 109,078 103,259 93,728 88,615 88,038 95,047 98,429 104,629 112,591 123,551 130,369 136,663 145,855
Nova Scotia 330,857 387,800 440,572 450,396 459,574 492,338 523,837 512,846 577,962 642,584 737,007 797,294 854,871 914,969 932,454 945,437
New Brunswick 252,047 285,594 321,233 321,263 331,120 351,889 387,876 408,219 457,401 515,697 597,936 642,471 706,438 745,567 749,801 755,455
Quebec 1,111,566 1,191,516 1,359,027 1,488,535 1,648,898 2,005,776 2,360,510 2,874,662 3,331,882 4,055,681 5,259,211 6,137,305 6,547,207 7,067,396 7,396,331 7,979,663
Ontario 1,396,091 1,620,851 1,926,922 2,114,321 2,182,947 2,527,292 2,933,662 3,431,683 3,787,655 4,597,542 6,236,092 7,849,027 8,812,286 10,431,316 11,896,663 13,372,996
Manitoba ..Note 3 25,228 62,260 152,506 255,211 461,394 610,118 700,139 729,744 776,541 921,686 998,876 1,035,545 1,109,604 1,151,439 1,250,574
Saskatchewan ..Note 3 ..Note 3 ..Note 3 ..Note 3 91,279 492,432 757,510 921,785 895,992 831,728 925,181 932,038 975,759 1,002,713 1,000,221 1,057,884
Alberta ..Note 3 ..Note 3 ..Note 3 ..Note 3 73,022 374,295 588,454 731,605 796,169 939,501 1,331,944 1,665,717 2,291,104 2,592,306 3,058,017 3,779,353
British Columbia 51,524 36,247 49,459 98,173 178,657 392,480 524,582 694,263 817,861 1,165,210 1,629,082 2,240,470 2,826,558 3,373,787 4,076,264 4,573,321
Yukon Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 27,219 8,512 4,157 4,230 4,914 9,096 14,628 18,991 23,880 28,871 30,156 34,666
Northwest Territories (including Nunavut) 6,691 48,000 56,446 98,967 20,129 6,507 8,143 9,316 12,028 16,004 22,998 36,398 47,414 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Northwest TerritoriesNote 4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 38,724 40,844 43,675
NunavutNote 4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 22,154 28,134 33,322
.. not available for a specific reference period
Note: Prior to 1971, data are census counts; from 1971 on, data are estimates as of July 1 and adjusted for census net undercoverage.
1. Beginning in 1951, Newfoundland and Labrador is included in the Canada total.
2. Includes 485 members of the Royal Canadian Navy whose province of residence is not known.
3. Included with the Northwest Territories.
4. Prior to July 1, 1991, only data for the Northwest Territories and Nunavut combined are available.
Source: Statistics Canada, CANSIM table 051-0001 and Catalogue no. 11-516-X.
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