Warning View the most recent version.

Archived Content

Information identified as archived is provided for reference, research or recordkeeping purposes. It is not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards and has not been altered or updated since it was archived. Please "contact us" to request a format other than those available.

Highlights of Canada's geography

Total area: 9,984,670 km2, the second-largest country in the world.

Area north of the treeline: 2,728,800 km2, over 27% of Canada's total area.

Land border: 8,890-km border with the United States, the longest international border in the world.

Longest distance from east to west: 5,514 km from Cape Spear, Newfoundland and Labrador, to the Yukon and Alaska boundary.

Longest distance from north to south: 4,634 km from Cape Columbia (Ellesmere Island), Nunavut, to Middle Island (Lake Erie), Ontario.

National parks: 43 parks cover an area of 224,466 km2.

Coastline: 243,042 km on three oceans, the longest coastline in the world.

Number of islands: 52,455.
Largest island: Baffin Island, Nunavut, 507,451 km2.

Freshwater area: 891,163 km2. The top five regions with freshwater are Quebec (176,928 km2), the Northwest Territories (163,021 km2), Ontario (158,654 km2), Nunavut (157,077 km2) and Manitoba (94,241 km2).

Highest tide: Bay of Fundy, Nova Scotia, with a mean large tide of 16.1 m, the world's highest tide.

Highest mountain: Mount Logan, in the St. Elias Mountains, Yukon, 5,959 m.

Highest waterfall: Della Falls, British Columbia, 440 m.

Deepest lake: Great Slave Lake, Northwest Territories, 614 m.

Longest river: Mackenzie River, 4,241 km from its furthest source to its ultimate outflow.

Largest lake wholly within Canada: Great Bear Lake, Northwest Territories, 31,328 km2.

World's largest island in a freshwater lake: Manitoulin Island in Lake Huron, Ontario, 2,765 km2.

Coldest recorded temperature: –63°C at Snag, Yukon, on February 3, 1947.

Sunniest place: Estevan, Saskatchewan, with 2,500 hours of sun per year and 2,979 hours of clear skies.

Map 15.1 Map of Canada

Map 15.1 Map of Canada

Source: Statistics Canada, Geography Division.

View description for Map 15.1

Date modified: