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Re-accreditation demands and underutilized skills: The Catch-22 facing immigrant professionals
Monica Boyd and Grant Schellenberg
The immigration policies of many countries stress the importance of having highly educated workers able to perform well in their knowledge economies. As such, they favour the admission of professionally trained immigrants. Upon their arrival, however, internationally educated professionals often have difficulty finding employment in appropriate occupations. Using the 2001 Census, this article documents the extent to which foreign trained physicians and engineers are underemployed in the professions they were trained to fill.
Delayed transitions of young adults
The transition to adulthood is often viewed as a period where young people move by stages into adult roles: completing their schooling, leaving their parents’ home, acquiring permanent work, finding a partner or spouse and becoming a parent. In recent years, social scientists have found that the transition to adulthood is taking longer to complete. Using census data to compare young adults in 1971 to those in 2001, it assesses just how lengthy the delay has become.
Margaret Michalowski and Kelly Tran
Canada is also a player on the world stage as a source country of migrants. Whether Canadian migration abroad is temporary or permanent, long term or short term, far or near, Canadians are making their mark in other countries. This article, although not a complete accounting of Canadians living abroad, shows that Canadian out-migration is just as selective as in-migration.