Canadian Social Trends Number 92

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Quality of personal networks: Does living alone matter?

Mireille Vézina

Release date: November 30, 2011

This article compares the personal networks of adults aged 25 to 64 living alone with those of adults living in a couple. It provides data on size of networks, frequency of contact and feelings of social loneliness. It also examines the extent to which people living alone are more likely to have personal networks of lower or higher quality than those living in a couple when various factors are taken into account. Data are from the 2008 General Social Survey.


Personal networks and the economic adjustment of immigrants

Derrick Thomas

Release date: November 30, 2011

Recent immigrants are having more difficulty adjusting to the Canadian economy than did their predecessors. It is taking newcomers longer to achieve employment and income levels similar to those of the Canadian-born. Using the General Social Survey conducted in 2008, this article examines whether personal networks, along with more typically-used measures of human capital, might explain differences in employment and income levels between immigrants and other Canadians. Are more limited personal networks associated with lower employment rates and incomes among Canada's more recent immigrants?


What's stressing the stressed? Main sources of stress among workers

Susan Crompton

Release date: October 13, 2011

This article is based on the 2010 General Social Survey on Time Use. It examines how workers who report being highly stressed differ from those who report being somewhat stressed. Then it outlines the five main issues that highly stressed workers identified as their primary source of stress and compares their selected characteristics by source of stress—for instance, differences between workers who are anxious about work compared to those concerned about their finances or about a family situation.


Commuting to work: Results of the 2010 General Social Survey

Martin Turcotte

Release date: August 24, 2011

This article examines various facets of travelling between home and work. First it provides information about commuting times and how frequently workers are caught in traffic. Second, it looks at workers' perceptions of the time they spend commuting as well as car users' perceptions of public transit. Finally a connection is drawn between the characteristics of commuting to work (commuting time, recurrence of traffic congestion, etc.) and selected subjective measures of quality of life, including stress levels and satisfaction with work–life balance.


Intergenerational education mobility: University completion in relation to parents' education level

Martin Turcotte

Release date: August 24, 2011

Young adults with one or two parents who are university-educated are much more likely to have a degree themselves than those whose parents are less well-educated. This article determines whether intergenerational mobility in university education is increasing. Specifically, whether people whose parents did not complete university are themselves more likely to have finished university than nearly 25 years ago is examined, as is whether the gap between them and people whose parents completed university has narrowed over time.


Generational change in paid and unpaid work

Katherine Marshall

Release date: July 12, 2011

Research suggests that the division of labour and the role expectations for men and women are continuing to evolve. This may be especially true for Generation Y, those born between 1980 and 1995 and who grew up during a period of changing family dynamics and family formation. Using General Social Survey - Time use data from 1986, 1998 and 2010 this article examines the changes in the participation in, and time spent on paid work and unpaid household work of individuals aged 20 to 29 from three generations—late baby boomers, Generation X and Generation Y.  The final section looks at the distribution of time spent on paid and unpaid work within dual-earner couples.


Recent evolution of immigrant-language transmission in Canada

René Houle

Release date: June 7, 2011

This paper examines the extent of transmission of immigrant languages between 1981 and 2006. It compares immigrant mothers having a non–official mother tongue and their children born in Canada using a cross-sectional approach. Then a longitudinal approach is used to compare immigrant mothers in 1981 with their second-generation daughters in 2006. The article is based on census data from 1981 and 2006.


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