Commuting to work

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  • Stats in brief: 11-627-M2017038
    Description:

    Based on 2016 Census data, the following infographic looks at Canadians’ average commute time, how they get to work, as well as the average commute time for those living in Canada’s largest census metropolitan areas.

    Release date: 2017-11-29

  • Stats in brief: 98-200-X2016029
    Description:

    This article in the Census in Brief series examines the proportions of commuters who used sustainable transportation (public transit, walking, cycling or carpooling) to get to work in 2016, with a focus on differences across census metropolitan areas (CMAs).

    Release date: 2017-11-29

  • Stats in brief: 99-012-X201100311850
    Geography: Census metropolitan area
    Description:

    This National Household Survey in brief presents key findings emerging from the analysis of data on place of work and journey to work in Canada in 2011. It provides information on workers' mode of transportation, their place of work and their commuting time. The analysis focuses on various levels of geography, including Canada and census metropolitan areas (CMAs).

    Release date: 2013-06-26

  • Articles and reports: 11-008-X201100211531
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This article examines various facets of travelling between home and work. First it provides information about commuting times and how frequently workers are caught in traffic. Second, it looks at workers' perceptions of the time they spend commuting as well as car users' perceptions of public transit. Finally a connection is drawn between the characteristics of commuting to work (commuting time, recurrence of traffic congestion, etc.) and selected subjective measures of quality of life, including stress levels and satisfaction with work-life balance.

    Release date: 2011-08-24

  • Articles and reports: 21-006-X2007006
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This bulletin presents baseline data on the pattern and size of rural commuting flows in 2001 and provides a better understanding of how rural communities are affected by both urban-bound commuters and rural-bound commuters. It also shows that Canada's Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations (larger urban centres), which are delineated on the basis of commuting flows, essentially constitute self-contained labour markets.

    Release date: 2008-09-17

  • Articles and reports: 16-002-X200700310455
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This article examines driving and commuting patterns from a gender perspective. Trip chaining, the practice of stopping at intermediate points during a journey, is analyzed using data from the 2005 Canadian Vehicle Survey. Next-stage destinations and the number of stops made while driving are compared for men and women.

    Release date: 2007-12-10

  • Articles and reports: 11-008-X20060049516
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    It is generally assumed that for most workers, commuting is at best a necessary evil, at worst, a daily nightmare. But is that really the case? Using the latest data from the 2005 General Social Survey on time use, this study identifies the main factors associated with a more or less pleasant commute, focusing in particular on the mode of transportation used.

    Release date: 2006-12-15

  • Articles and reports: 89-622-X2006001
    Description:

    Using data from the General Social Survey on Time Use for 1992, 1998, and 2005, this article analyses the changes in average commute times between home and work. Information is broken down by province, selected census metropolitan areas and mode of transportation used.

    There is also an analysis of the factors involved in increased or decreased commute times for workers between home and work (during weekdays). The analysis shows that in addition to the distance from work, the metropolitan area of residence, whether or not errands are involved and the mode of transportation used all have a major impact on workers' commute times.

    Release date: 2006-07-12

  • 9. Getting to workArchived
    Articles and reports: 11-008-X20050038967
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    In recent years, commuting patterns have become more complex as employment has grown more rapidly in the suburbs than in city core areas. Faced with few convenient public transit options, the increasing numbers of people who now commute cross-town to jobs in these suburbs overwhelmingly drive to work. This article examines commuting patterns between 1996 and 2001 as they relate to recent job growth in the suburbs. It briefly looks at the demographic characteristics of commuters and explores some of the implications that changing work locations and commute patterns have for infrastructure in Canadian cities.

    Release date: 2005-12-06

  • Articles and reports: 89-613-M2005007
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The report examined the location of jobs in 27 census metropolitan areas, paying particular attention to developments in Quebec, Montreal, Ottawa-Hull, Toronto, Winnipeg, Calgary, Edmonton and Vancouver. It also analysed the modes commuters used to travel to work, emphasising public transit and car (as driver or passenger) commute modes.

    While Canadian metropolitan areas continue to be characterized by a strong concentration of jobs in the downtown core, employment grew faster in the suburbs of Canada's largest metropolitan areas than in the city centres between 1996 and 2001. One characteristic of increasing employment in suburban locations is the shifting of manufacturing activities from the core of the city to the suburbs. Retail trade also shifted away from the central core towards more suburban locations. Relatively few workers employed outside the city centre commuted on public transit, rather, most drove or were a passenger in a car. This tendency to commute by car increased the farther the job was located from the city centre.

    Furthermore commute patterns have become more complex, with growth in suburb-to-suburb commutes outpacing traditional commute paths within the city centre, and between the city centre and suburbs. Commuters travelling from suburb to suburb were also much more likely to drive than take public transit.

    Despite the decentralization of jobs occurring in the metropolitan areas, public transit did not lose its share of commuters between 1996 and 2001. While more car traffic headed to jobs in the suburbs, a larger share of commuters heading for the city centre took public transit. This kept the total share of commuters who took public transit stable between 1996 and 2001.

    The report also found that jobs in the downtown core were higher skilled and higher paid, and that earnings increased faster for jobs in the city centre between 1996 and 2001.

    The report uses the 1996 and 2001 censuses of Canada.

    Release date: 2005-06-01
Reference (9)

Reference (9) ((9 results))

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 98-500-X2016011
    Description:

    This guide focuses on the following topic: journey to work. This reference guide provides information that enables users to effectively use, apply and interpret data from the 2016 Census. This guide contains definitions and explanations of concepts, classifications, data quality and comparability to other sources. Additional information is included for specific variables to help general users better understand the concepts and questions used in the census.

    Release date: 2017-11-29

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 98-501-X2016013
    Description:

    The Journey to work Release and concepts overview provides an overview of the concepts, definitions and key measures used in the 2016 Census of Journey to work release, as well as the products which will be available on release day and later.

    Release date: 2017-10-04

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 99-012-X2011008
    Description:

    This reference guide provides information that enables users to effectively use, apply and interpret data from the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS). This guide contains definitions and explanations of concepts, classifications, data quality and comparability to other sources. Additional information is included for specific variables to help general users better understand the concepts and questions used in the NHS.

    Release date: 2013-06-26

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 97-561-G2006003
    Description:

    This guide focuses on the following topic: Journey to work.

    Provides information that enables users to effectively use, apply and interpret data from the 2006 Census. Each guide contains definitions and explanations on census concepts, data quality and historical comparability. Additional information will be included for specific variables to help general users better understand the concepts and questions used in the census.

    Release date: 2008-06-10

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 97-561-G
    Description:

    This guide focuses on the following topic: Journey to work. Provides information that enables users to effectively use, apply and interpret data from the 2006 Census. Each guide contains definitions and explanations on census concepts, data quality and historical comparability. Additional information will be included for specific variables to help general users better understand the concepts and questions used in the census.

    Release date: 2008-06-10

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 97-561-P2006003
    Description:

    This guide focuses on the following topic: Journey to work.

    Provides information that enables users to effectively use, apply and interpret data from the 2006 Census. Each guide contains definitions and explanations on census concepts. Additional information will be included for specific variables to help general users better understand the concepts and questions used in the census.

    Release date: 2008-04-08

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 97-561-P
    Description:

    This guide focuses on the following topic: Journey to work. Provides information that enables users to effectively use, apply and interpret data from the 2006 Census. Each guide contains definitions and explanations on census concepts. Additional information will be included for specific variables to help general users better understand the concepts and questions used in the census.

    Release date: 2008-04-08

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 92-390-X
    Description:

    This report includes a definition of the 2001 place of work concept and the place of work geography, standard text on data collection and coverage (including data collection methods, special coverage studies, sampling and weighting, edit and follow-up, coverage and content considerations). Both standard and subject-matter specific text pieces are also included for data assimilation (automated as well as interactive coding), edit and imputation and data evaluation. Finally, this technical report includes a section on historical comparability.

    Release date: 2004-08-26

  • Surveys and statistical programs – Documentation: 3812
    Description: Data from this survey is used to assist in the formulation of transportation policies and planning. The survey collects data from individuals traveling to work from randomly chosen households in Canada.
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