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  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X200900110817
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Investment in research and development (R&D) is important to the economy of a country, and its measurement is an essential component of the Canadian statistical system. The publication, Gross Domestic Expenditures on Research and Development in Canada and the Provinces (GERD), 1997 to 2008 (Statistics Canada, 2008a) provides a statistical picture of the Canadian system of research and development. These data inform public policy, help benchmark Canadian performance against other countries (OECD, 2008 and 2007) and provide essential input to the study of the impact of science and technology on the life of Canadians.

    Release date: 2009-06-05

  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X200900110818
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) collects and reports on statistics from its member countries for various subject matter fields. In order to properly compare these statistics, the OE,CD develops common concepts and measurement standards. For the field of research and development (R&D) statistics, the OECD's proposed standard practice for R&D surveys is detailed in the Frascati Manual (OECD, 2002). However, not all OECD countries' national practices align with the Frascati Manual standards. The OECD receives Canadian R&D data from surveys conducted by Statistics Canada. While the general concepts of the Frascati Manual are integrated with Statistics Canada's survey framework, national variations in reporting with the OECD still exist. One of these national differences in data presentation can be found in the allocation of public general university funds.

    Release date: 2009-06-05

  • Articles and reports: 88F0006X2007007
    Description:

    Results from the Survey of Innovation 2003 raised some interesting questions. First, an unexpected one-third of establishments in R&D services were not innovative. According to the guidelines of the Oslo Manual, innovative establishments are those that introduced a new or significantly improved product or process on to the market or into production, within a specified interval. Second, many of these non-innovative establishments indicated that satisfying existing customers was irrelevant to their firms success. This was very different response from all other types of firms.

    This working paper provides a potential explanation of these unexpected results, as well as an overview of available information on establishments in R&D services (NAICS 5417) in the context of professional services generally. The paper assembles descriptive data to show that non-innovative establishments in R&D services differ significantly from other non-innovative establishments and, while not innovative, they are nevertheless highly inventive. It presents some evidence to suggest that they are venture firms (firms relying on infusions of investment capital rather than revenues from sales to sustain their operations) and proposes a specific set of indicators that would facilitate resolution of the nature of firms in this industry group.

    Release date: 2007-12-20

  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X200700210329
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The scientific research and development services industry is arousing growing interest among analysts and researchers. The interest aroused by this industry is due in part to its major contribution to total industrial expenditures on research and development (R&D) in Canada.

    Release date: 2007-10-09

  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X20060039532
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Data from the Research and Development in Canadian Industry Survey reveal that between 1994 and 2002 - 31,190 enterprises undertook research and development (R&D) activities for at least one year. However, only 5% (1,699) can be considered persistent R&D performers, appearing on the R&D in Canadian Industry database for nine years. It appears that the size of the R&D expenditure groups that firms belong to influences their level of persistence in R&D performance. This article investigates that premise.

    Release date: 2006-12-06

  • Articles and reports: 88F0006X2006009
    Description:

    This publication presents the National GERD from 1995 to 2006p as well as the Provincial GERD from 1995 to 2004. Up until 1985, GERD included R&D expenditures in the Natural Sciences and Engineering (NSE) only. Beginning in 1985, Social Sciences and Humanities (SSH) activities are also included in GERD. An additional series of tables showing R&D expenditures at the national level in either science from 1963 to 1993, or at the provincial level from 1979 to 1993, may be obtained from the Science and Technology Surveys Section, Science, Innovation and Electronic Information Division.

    Release date: 2006-09-18

  • Articles and reports: 88F0006X2006008
    Description:

    Statistics Canada publishes information on industrial research and development (R&D) performers that includes the number of such firms and their total R&D expenditures. What has not been done to date is to look at R&D performers over time. This paper looks at R&D performance between 1994 and 2002 in three ways; first it looks at all firms that performed R&D at any point; the second section looks at R&D performing firms by R&D expenditure group for each year; and, the third section of the study follows firms that began to perform R&D and documents their R&D performance through time.

    Release date: 2006-08-18

  • Articles and reports: 88F0006X2006005
    Description:

    The purpose of this study is to measure the scientific effort devoted to (R&D) on advanced materials.

    This study has been conducted using data from the Statistics Canada survey entitled Research and Development in Canadian Industry (RDCI).

    Release date: 2006-07-26

  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X20060029246
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    While firms engaged in R&D services are part of the population of firms covered by the Research and Development in Canadian Industry (RDCI) survey and the Biotechnology Use and Development Survey (BUDS), this industry group is not covered by a typical industry survey. This means that there are no industry-specific figures for contribution to GDP or other typical measures of industrial activities and finances. However, data for the industry group are available from the Survey of Innovation 2003, along with other selected professional services. Data from that survey indicate that the establishments in R&D services in physical, engineering and life sciences may be part of a select and highly atypical group of firms and are discussed in this article.

    Release date: 2006-06-27

  • Articles and reports: 88F0006X2006002
    Description:

    This study provides a statistical portrait of the strategies Canadian companies used in conducting research and development between 1997 and 2002. It is based on data from the Survey of Research and Development in Canadian Industry.

    Release date: 2006-05-02
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  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X200900110817
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Investment in research and development (R&D) is important to the economy of a country, and its measurement is an essential component of the Canadian statistical system. The publication, Gross Domestic Expenditures on Research and Development in Canada and the Provinces (GERD), 1997 to 2008 (Statistics Canada, 2008a) provides a statistical picture of the Canadian system of research and development. These data inform public policy, help benchmark Canadian performance against other countries (OECD, 2008 and 2007) and provide essential input to the study of the impact of science and technology on the life of Canadians.

    Release date: 2009-06-05

  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X200900110818
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) collects and reports on statistics from its member countries for various subject matter fields. In order to properly compare these statistics, the OE,CD develops common concepts and measurement standards. For the field of research and development (R&D) statistics, the OECD's proposed standard practice for R&D surveys is detailed in the Frascati Manual (OECD, 2002). However, not all OECD countries' national practices align with the Frascati Manual standards. The OECD receives Canadian R&D data from surveys conducted by Statistics Canada. While the general concepts of the Frascati Manual are integrated with Statistics Canada's survey framework, national variations in reporting with the OECD still exist. One of these national differences in data presentation can be found in the allocation of public general university funds.

    Release date: 2009-06-05

  • Articles and reports: 88F0006X2007007
    Description:

    Results from the Survey of Innovation 2003 raised some interesting questions. First, an unexpected one-third of establishments in R&D services were not innovative. According to the guidelines of the Oslo Manual, innovative establishments are those that introduced a new or significantly improved product or process on to the market or into production, within a specified interval. Second, many of these non-innovative establishments indicated that satisfying existing customers was irrelevant to their firms success. This was very different response from all other types of firms.

    This working paper provides a potential explanation of these unexpected results, as well as an overview of available information on establishments in R&D services (NAICS 5417) in the context of professional services generally. The paper assembles descriptive data to show that non-innovative establishments in R&D services differ significantly from other non-innovative establishments and, while not innovative, they are nevertheless highly inventive. It presents some evidence to suggest that they are venture firms (firms relying on infusions of investment capital rather than revenues from sales to sustain their operations) and proposes a specific set of indicators that would facilitate resolution of the nature of firms in this industry group.

    Release date: 2007-12-20

  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X200700210329
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The scientific research and development services industry is arousing growing interest among analysts and researchers. The interest aroused by this industry is due in part to its major contribution to total industrial expenditures on research and development (R&D) in Canada.

    Release date: 2007-10-09

  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X20060039532
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    Data from the Research and Development in Canadian Industry Survey reveal that between 1994 and 2002 - 31,190 enterprises undertook research and development (R&D) activities for at least one year. However, only 5% (1,699) can be considered persistent R&D performers, appearing on the R&D in Canadian Industry database for nine years. It appears that the size of the R&D expenditure groups that firms belong to influences their level of persistence in R&D performance. This article investigates that premise.

    Release date: 2006-12-06

  • Articles and reports: 88F0006X2006009
    Description:

    This publication presents the National GERD from 1995 to 2006p as well as the Provincial GERD from 1995 to 2004. Up until 1985, GERD included R&D expenditures in the Natural Sciences and Engineering (NSE) only. Beginning in 1985, Social Sciences and Humanities (SSH) activities are also included in GERD. An additional series of tables showing R&D expenditures at the national level in either science from 1963 to 1993, or at the provincial level from 1979 to 1993, may be obtained from the Science and Technology Surveys Section, Science, Innovation and Electronic Information Division.

    Release date: 2006-09-18

  • Articles and reports: 88F0006X2006008
    Description:

    Statistics Canada publishes information on industrial research and development (R&D) performers that includes the number of such firms and their total R&D expenditures. What has not been done to date is to look at R&D performers over time. This paper looks at R&D performance between 1994 and 2002 in three ways; first it looks at all firms that performed R&D at any point; the second section looks at R&D performing firms by R&D expenditure group for each year; and, the third section of the study follows firms that began to perform R&D and documents their R&D performance through time.

    Release date: 2006-08-18

  • Articles and reports: 88F0006X2006005
    Description:

    The purpose of this study is to measure the scientific effort devoted to (R&D) on advanced materials.

    This study has been conducted using data from the Statistics Canada survey entitled Research and Development in Canadian Industry (RDCI).

    Release date: 2006-07-26

  • Articles and reports: 88-003-X20060029246
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    While firms engaged in R&D services are part of the population of firms covered by the Research and Development in Canadian Industry (RDCI) survey and the Biotechnology Use and Development Survey (BUDS), this industry group is not covered by a typical industry survey. This means that there are no industry-specific figures for contribution to GDP or other typical measures of industrial activities and finances. However, data for the industry group are available from the Survey of Innovation 2003, along with other selected professional services. Data from that survey indicate that the establishments in R&D services in physical, engineering and life sciences may be part of a select and highly atypical group of firms and are discussed in this article.

    Release date: 2006-06-27

  • Articles and reports: 88F0006X2006002
    Description:

    This study provides a statistical portrait of the strategies Canadian companies used in conducting research and development between 1997 and 2002. It is based on data from the Survey of Research and Development in Canadian Industry.

    Release date: 2006-05-02
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