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  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2006280
    Geography: Province or territory
    Description:

    Before 1989, childless social assistance recipients in Quebec under age 30 received much lower benefits than recipients over age 30. We use this sharp discontinuity in policy to estimate the effects of social assistance on various labour market outcomes using a regression discontinuity approach. We find strong evidence that more generous social assistance benefits reduce employment. The estimates exhibit little sensitivity to the degree of flexibility in the specification, and perform very well when we control for unobserved heterogeneity using a first difference specification. Finally, we show that commonly used difference-in-differences estimators may perform poorly with inappropriately chosen control groups.

    Release date: 2006-06-14

  • Articles and reports: 11-010-X20040117614
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This paper compares which provinces have seen the largest changes in social assistance among their population, and which had the highest and lowest rates of welfare use in 2003.

    Release date: 2004-11-17

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2003192
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The 1990s were characterized by substantial declines in the number of welfare recipients in most Canadian provinces. These declines occurred in a period when most provincial governments lowered benefits and tightened eligibility rules. What happened to the economic well-being of those who left welfare in the 1990s? Using longitudinal tax data, this study examines the short and long-term outcomes of welfare leavers across three dimensions: earnings, disposable income and low-income. The role of marriage in post-welfare outcomes is also investigated.

    Release date: 2003-03-26

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X20010065882
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This article uses a measure of low income intensity which incorporates the more commonly known low income rate and the average depth of low income to compare urban and rural families in Canada between 1993 and 1997.

    Release date: 2001-09-12
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  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2006280
    Geography: Province or territory
    Description:

    Before 1989, childless social assistance recipients in Quebec under age 30 received much lower benefits than recipients over age 30. We use this sharp discontinuity in policy to estimate the effects of social assistance on various labour market outcomes using a regression discontinuity approach. We find strong evidence that more generous social assistance benefits reduce employment. The estimates exhibit little sensitivity to the degree of flexibility in the specification, and perform very well when we control for unobserved heterogeneity using a first difference specification. Finally, we show that commonly used difference-in-differences estimators may perform poorly with inappropriately chosen control groups.

    Release date: 2006-06-14

  • Articles and reports: 11-010-X20040117614
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This paper compares which provinces have seen the largest changes in social assistance among their population, and which had the highest and lowest rates of welfare use in 2003.

    Release date: 2004-11-17

  • Articles and reports: 11F0019M2003192
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    The 1990s were characterized by substantial declines in the number of welfare recipients in most Canadian provinces. These declines occurred in a period when most provincial governments lowered benefits and tightened eligibility rules. What happened to the economic well-being of those who left welfare in the 1990s? Using longitudinal tax data, this study examines the short and long-term outcomes of welfare leavers across three dimensions: earnings, disposable income and low-income. The role of marriage in post-welfare outcomes is also investigated.

    Release date: 2003-03-26

  • Articles and reports: 75-001-X20010065882
    Geography: Canada
    Description:

    This article uses a measure of low income intensity which incorporates the more commonly known low income rate and the average depth of low income to compare urban and rural families in Canada between 1993 and 1997.

    Release date: 2001-09-12
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