Individuals File, Census of Population (Public Use Microdata Files)

Public use microdata: 98M0001X


The Individuals File, 2016 Census Public Use Microdata Files (PUMF) provides data on the characteristics of the Canadian population. The file contains a 2.7% sample of anonymous responses to the 2016 Census questionnaire. The files have been carefully scrutinized to ensure the complete confidentiality of the individual responses and geographic identifiers have been restricted to provinces/territories and metropolitan areas. With 123 variables, this comprehensive tool is excellent for policy analysts, pollsters, social researchers and anyone interested in modelling and performing statistical regression analysis using the Census.

Microdata files uniquely provide users access to non-aggregated data. The PUMFs user can group and manipulate these variables to suit data and research requirements. Tabulations excluded from other Census products can be created or relationships between variables can be analyzed using different statistical tests. PUMFs provide quick access to a comprehensive social and economic database about Canada and its people.

This product contains the data file (in ASCII format); user documentation and supporting information; all licence agreements; and SAS, SPSS and Stata program source codes to enable users to read the set of records. It is important to note that users will require knowledge of data manipulation packages (or software) such as SAS, SPSS or Stata to use this product.


Electronic File Transfer Service (EFTS): This service allows individuals or external organizations to download electronic files from Statistics Canada via a secure Internet connection.

Frequency: Occasional
Available formats: EFT
TitlesRelease dateMore Information
Individuals File, 2016 Census of Population (Public Use Microdata Files), 2016001February 5, 2019More information